Chapter 22 Test
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by Bethann Shaffer
| 16 Questions
1
5 pts
The Enlightenment "capital" was this city...
St. Petersburg, Russia
Paris, France
Philadelphia
London, England
2
5 pts
Why did European exploration fuel scientific research?
Europeans needed better technology to explore further places.
Europeans needed more raw materials to make better technology.
Europeans were tired of listening to the Catholic Church and their geogentric theory.
D
3
5 pts
Why were Brahe and Johannes important revolutionaries in the science world?
They confirmed that the earth was the center of the circular orbiting universe.
They discovered the law of gravity.
They confirmed Kepler's heliocentric theory.
D
4
5 pts
How was Physician Jenner able to produce the small pox vaccination?
He observed and tested his theory with milk maids.
He took his findings to a factory which produced his vaccination.
He tested his vaccination on rats.
D
5
5 pts
How was Physician Jenner able to produce the small pox vaccination?
He observed and tested his theory with milk maids.
He took his findings to a factory which produced his vaccination.
He tested his vaccination on rats.
D
6
5 pts
What was a main belief of the Enlightenment philosopher Hobbes?
Government power comes from the people.
The Social Contract
Individual freedoms like religion and speech
D
7
5 pts
The main writer of the Declaration of Independence, Thomas Jefferson, used inspiration from which Enlightenment philosophers?
Voltaire and Hobbes
Montesquieu and Locke
Locke and Hobbes
D
8
5 pts
Enlightenment philosopher __________________________ believed in a system of checks and balances, and he took inspiration from the British government.
Montesquieu
Beccaria
Locke
D
9
5 pts
Beccaria, the Enlightenment philosopher, believed that the justice system needed to be overhauled. What were his main beliefs regarding the justice system?
He believed in the right to torture suspects to get a confession at their speedy trial.
He believed that laws provided social order and if broken, the accused should be held accountable at a speedy trial with a punishment to fit the crime.
He believed in a lengthy trial so the jury could decide what punishment should fit the crime committed.
D
10
5 pts
How did women effect the Enlightenment?
Women said that like men, women needed an education to be useful.
Women didn't influence the Enlightenment because they were told to stay home and take care of the household.
Women were urged to stick with women-dominated professions and not enter male-dominated professions.
D
11
5 pts
Why was the Enlightenment important for the future development of Europe and the Americas?
It gave people hope.
It had people rely more on an absolute monarch.
It encouraged people to rely on their own ability to reason and judge right or wrong.
D
12
5 pts
How did Enlightenment ideas spread from Paris to the rest of Europe?
Women gathered to chit-chat in salons and then developed the enclyclopedia.
Caravans of traders spread ideas from Paris to other parts of Europe.
Wealthy women would sponsor salons and fund projects to help the spread of Enlightenment ideas.
D
13
5 pts
Why were the American colonists so irritated with the French and Indian War?
Great Britain had accumulated a large debt that they couldn't pay, so they expected the colonists to.
Great Britain had forced colonists to fight against the French.
The goods that the colonists sold to Great Britain for the war effort weren't taxed so the colonists didn't make any money.
D
14
5 pts
Why were the American colonists mad at King George III?
He didn't like their tea.
He ignored the requests from the First Continental Congrees.
He refused to meet with Thomas Jefferson to discuss taxation without representation.
D
15
5 pts
What old belief did Galileo Galilei destroy?
The heliocentric theory.
Pluto is a a planet.
The stars and moon have a smooth surface.
D
16
5 pts
Why did Mrs. Shaffer make you listen to music composed during the Enlightenment?
So you could hear the lighter more elegant music from Mozart & Beethoven.
So you could appreciate the effort of these skilled musicians.
So you could have a headache.
D
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