ELA Final
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by Nathan Lowe
| 58 Questions

Directions: Read through the infographic on Cell Phone Addictions. Then answer each question using the text as a reference.

1
1 pt
What is the topic of this infographic?
Addiction
America
Cell Phone Addiction
Cell Phones
2
1 pt
What is the author’s claim in this infographic?
Teenagers are addicted to their cell phones as evidenced by how much they use them and feel attached to them.
Americans are addicted to their cell phones as evidenced by how much they use them and feel attached to them.
Cell phone addiction is a myth and people are just using their phones for everyday activities, not as distractions.
Cell phones have addictive properties and are able to control your mind if you use them too much.
3
1 pt
Which piece(s) of evidence supports the argument “Too much cell phone usage has negative impacts on society.” SELECT ALL THAT APPLY
70% of parents and teens say that they have argued about smartphone usage.
77% of parents say that “their teenagers were sometimes distracted by their phones or tablets during time spent together with family.”
The use of cellphones causes 26% of the nation’s car accidents.
40% of average people check their phones on the toilet.
4
1 pt
Which counterclaim best refutes the author’s claim?
Many people use their cell phones for positive activities like connecting with friends, listening to audiobooks, and getting recommendations for activities and reviews. This usage doesn’t indicate addiction.
Smartphones have led to great technology developments in the world of medicine.
Parents are often worse abusers of their cell phones than their teenage children.
Teenagers miss out on many social activities because they spend a majority of their time on their cell phones digitally connecting instead. This can lead to feelings to anxiety, depression, and loneliness.
5
1 pt
Read the section on cell phone use and sleep again. Which statement BEST summarizes the argument being made.
Americans don’t sleep because they are always on their phones.
Cell phones can cause sleep disorders because of radiation and blue light.
Cell phones help encourage good sleeping behaviors by preparing the mind for bed.
Americans have a difficult time turning off their phones, even for sleeping.
6
1 pt
Reread the section on cell phone use during vacations. Decide which elaboration point would be needed to connect the facts and numbers to the following claim: “Cell phone use can leave people feeling anxious and overwhelmed.”
Americans often feel this anxiety because they spend so much time on their cell phones during times they should or could be relaxing.
Americans constant use of technology is what makes them competitive in the global economy.
Americans don’t take enough vacations and should spend more time traveling.
Americans are better employees because they are willing to work via their phones during vacations and weekends.

Directions: Read the following article. When you finish, use the article as a reference when answering questions 7-15.


“How a principal’s "extreme" experiment got kids to turn off their phones”

By Gail Rosenblum, Minneapolis Star Tribune
09/18/2017

Diana Smith is growing so concerned about the potential perils of technology on kids’ psyches and behavior that she devised a refreshing solution this summer. Call it pay-per-not-view.
Smith, principal at the Washington Latin Public Charter School in Washington, D.C., challenged her eighth- and ninth-grade students to put down their phones, laptops, tablets and video game consoles for the 11 Tuesdays of summer.
Whoever gave ’em up successfully, confirmed in writing by two adult testimonies, would get $100. Smith funded the deal personally, by canceling her own cable TV service and of 160 students, 78 attempted the challenge and 38 succeeded. Smith is $3,400 poorer (four students declined the cash) but richer in hope.
“I’ve had kids say that they realize that they can always rely on their own thoughts,” Smith said. “They can think more. They know what it feels like now to not have to reach for the phone.”
It’s no surprise to me that Smith’s story was shared by media around the country. It’s a rare parent of a tween or teen who doesn’t worry about kids’ uber-usage of social media, particularly its intoxicating but capricious ego fulfillment via likes and shares.
It’s also a rare kid who doesn’t know on some level that he or she is too reliant, bordering on addicted. It’s just so hard to shut it off. And parents are hardly the best role models for abstinence. In fact, Smith heard from many parents who said they could not do the challenge, “or didn’t even want to try.” She said, “They use work as an excuse.”
While Washington Latin serves students in grades five through 12, Smith cooked up the plan in June specifically for middle-schoolers. First, she hoped to lessen “the drama that the girls engage in over the phones.” Her other big concern is sleep, something these students are not getting. “The boys and girls text each other at 3 or 4 in the morning,” she said, “and they walk in here and they can’t function.”
Smith explained that each student needed to assume responsibility for figuring out the challenges posed by not having access to screens for 24 hours every Tuesday from June 13 to Aug. 22. “For example,” she explained, “if you have Latin summer school and a video is assigned in class Tuesday for the next day, a student could wake up early to watch that video. If your friends invite you to the movies on Tuesday, you need to take a rain check.”
She did allow for a few exceptions, such as receiving calls from parents or guardians, but call a friend to chat? “Nope, that knocks you out.” The idea, she explained, “is for you to discipline yourself. It is like fasting, to feel and understand what happens to your life when you go without. Live without the screens for a day a week and see what happens.”
Guess what? A lot happened. They baked and read and hung out with friends. “One family had a huge water fight,” Smith said. “Think 1950s childhood.”
Smith knew that offering cash for good behavior would raise some eyebrows. “My faculty’s mouths were open,” she said. “I’m always lecturing them about not bribing the students. But I don’t know what else would work. I’m not sure anything else would work. I had to go extreme.”
Even Melinda Gates understands that. Gates, a former developer at Microsoft and co-founder of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, recently checked in with her own struggles around raising 21st-century teens. In a thoughtful essay, she wrote that “phone apps aren’t good or bad in themselves, but they can exacerbate the difficulties of growing up.”
Parents also might want to take a look at “Screenagers,” a 2016 film by Delaney Ruston. Ruston, a Stanford University-trained physician and documentary filmmaker, grew interested in this issue when buying a smartphone for her daughter. She soon learned that the average kid spends 6½ hours a day looking at screens — boys often many hours more. And while kids boast, correctly, of being skilled at multitasking, they might not understand that they’re rarely doing any of those tasks well. One teen in “Screenagers” frets about her inability to concentrate when her teacher is instructing; another said she turns off her data when she studies, so she “can’t go on the Internet and I can’t get text messages.”
Maybe it’s wisest to explain to our kids (calmly) that we all benefit from technology, but a “yes/and” strategy is best, for the whole family. Yes, technology. And fresh air. Yes, Snapchat. And face-to-face conversations.
However you feel about paying kids to do something that’s good for them, I do like Smith’s philosophy of baby steps. Power off one day a week, or one hour a day or during dinner.
In “Screenagers,” a group of teens agrees to place their cellphones on the table at a restaurant, and whoever grabs his or her phone first to check messages has to pick up the tab. Just think about all the burgers and fries a $100 infusion from Smith could buy them.
Source: https://newsela.com/read/principal-phones-experiment/id/35092/
7
1 pt
What is the topic of this article?
Students and cell phones
Teachers and cell phones
Parents and cell phones
Principals and cell phones
8
1 pt
Which statement best explains the central idea of this article?
Parents were unwilling to let their children go without cell phones or to give up their own cell phones.
Giving up cell phones was a pointless challenge and didn’t make a difference.
Student’s aren’t really addicted to their phones so there is no reason to give them up.
Challenging students to go 24 hours without cell phones had positive results.
9
1 pt
Read through all of the options and select the most accurate and chronological summary for this article.
In the article “How a Principal’s Extreme Reaction Got Kids to Turn Off Their Phones,” the author, Gail Rosenblum talks about how she conducted an experiment at a school in Washington, DC and paid students to not use their phones every Tuesday during Summer Break. She had to make some personal sacrifices to for this to happen, like giving up cable TV, but she says it was totally worth it. As a parent, she prefers a “technology and…” approach where kids understand that technology is good when it’s combined with other activities like social interactions or physical activities. She also references Melinda Gates and her work to help kids appropriately use technology.
In “How A Principal’s Extreme Reaction Got Kids to Turn Off Their Phones,” Principal Diana Smith offers students at her school a bribe of $100 to turn off their phones every Tuesday during the Summer Break. While some parents did not support this proposition because of their own inability to step away from their phones, many students completed the challenge and experienced success. The approach taken by Smith has been supported by Melinda Gates as well as research from a documentary titled “Screenagers.” The author of the article finds this event particularly encouraging and urges parents to use a “technology and…” approach to help kids recognize that technology can be a good thing when combined with social or physical activities.
In this article a principal takes phones away from her students every Tuesday during the summer in exchange for $100. Many parents were opposed to this activity but went along with it because their kids could make some extra money. There are some famous people who supported the principal and even praised her actions. There is a documentary about kids and their obsession with cell phones but it isn’t really based in any evidence and irrelevant to this article. In fact, this whole article is really stupid because people aren’t addicted to their phones and should really just be left alone to do whatever like as long as it isn’t hurting other people. Also, students could have been using their phones or tablets or computers for good things like reading or homework.
D
10
1 pt
Which piece of evidence best supports the argument that student’s 24/7 use of cell phones has negative consequences?
While kids boast, correctly, of being skilled at multitasking, they might not understand that they’re rarely doing any of those tasks well.
First, she hoped to lessen “the drama that the girls engage in over the phones.”
“The boys and girls text each other at 3 or 4 in the morning,” she said, “and they walk in here and they can’t function.”
She soon learned that the average kid spends 6½ hours a day looking at screens — boys often many hours more.
11
1 pt
Reread the bolded paragraph. Which part of an argument essay is this paragraph fulfilling?
Claim
Example/Elaboration
Counterclaim
Conclusion
12
1 pt
Reread the bolded word “capricious”. Which definition is most accurate based on context?
Changing mood quickly
Anxious
Steady and unchanging
Calm
13
1 pt
Reread the bolded word “testimonies.” Which definition is most accurate based on context?
A statement of what you believe in
A statement of something you saw/heard/witnessed
A statement of something that is not true
A statement of something you wish was true but really isn’t
14
1 pt
Identify the figure of speech being used in this sentence: “It is like fasting, to feel and understand what happens to your life when you go without.”
Metaphor
Personification
Oxymoron
Simile
15
1 pt
Identify the figure of speech being used in this sentence: “Smith knew that offering cash for good behavior would raise some eyebrows.”
Metaphor
Idiom
Hyperbole
Simile

Directions: Use both the infographic AND the article to answer the following questions.

Directions: Listen to the poem embedded below and then answer the following questions completely and the best of your ability.


16
1 pt
Which of the following expresses a theme of this passage?
Always remember things could be worse.
You need to workout in order to be strong.
You are in charge of your life and your attitude.
We need hard things in life to keep us strong.
17
1 pt
Which detail from the text best supports the answer to question 2?
Muscle is created by repeatedly lifting things that have been designed to weigh us down
BThe cup is not half full or half empty. There’s water in the cup; drink it and stop complaining
Most people have no idea that tragedy and silence have the saem address
When your shoulder is feeling heavy, stand up straight, lift your chin...Remember that you will survive.
18
1 pt
Which structural device best supports the idea that speaker is passionate about his theme?
He repeats himself on many occasions.
There is dramatic music playing in the background.
He uses many metaphors and other types of figurative language.
There are some interesting pictures to look at so you can see what he feels.
19
1 pt
The line from the poem “Tell me the alarm clock stole the keys to your smile” contains two types of figurative language. What Two types are present?
personification & metaphor
personification & simile
simile & hyperbole
metaphor & onomatopoeia

Directions: Read the poem below and answer the questions for this poem to the best of your ability.


INVICTUS
by William Ernest Henley
William Ernest Henley (1849-1903) was an English poet, critic, and editor.The following poem, published in 1875, is his best known work, which he wrote just after the amputation of his foot due to tuberculosis.

Out of the night that covers me,
Black as the pit from pole to pole,
I thank whatever gods may be
For my unconquerable soul.

In the fell clutch of circumstance
I have not winced nor cried aloud.
Under the bludgeonings of chance
My head is bloody, but unbowed.

Beyond this place of wrath and tears
Looms but the Horror of the shade,
And yet the menace of the years
Finds and shall find me unafraid.

It matters not how strait the gate,
How charged with punishments the scroll,
I am the master of my fate,
I am the captain of my soul.


Definitions:
Unconquerable: can’t be beaten
Fell: awful, terrible
Bludgeonings: beatings
Wrath: anger
Menace: threat, peril
Strait: narrow
Scroll: ancient book
20
1 pt
Which of the following is a correct objective summary of this poem?
A person is thanking the gods for his “unconquerable soul. He describes how he has acted in trying circumstances. He explains that death doesn't scare him. He finishes by stating that he alone chooses his path.
A person is thanking the gods for his “unconquerable soul. He explains that he has gone through horrible things but is alright. He explains that death doesn't scare him. He finishes by stating that no one controls him.
A person is talking about a dark night and how the gods help him. He describes how he has acted in trying circumstances. He explains that death is not a scary thing and no one should worry about it. He finishes by relaying the idea that no one can force him to do anything.
A person is complaining that the gods made the night too dark. He describes how he has acted so nobly in trying circumstances. He explains that death doesn't scare him. He finishes by stating that he alone chooses his path.
21
1 pt
Which of the following best describes a central theme of the text?
Identity is important to building self-confidence.
Independence means refusing to follow anyone else’s rules or laws.
Resilience is the ability to keep going and to refuse to give up.
Sacrifice is necessary to make someone a hero.
22
1 pt
Given the context of the poem, what does the title word “Invictus” most likely mean?
Careless
Lucky
Unfortunate
Undefeated
23
1 pt
Which of the following quotes best supports the meaning of invictus?
“I thank whatever gods may be / For my unconquerable soul.” (lines 3-4)
“In the fell clutch of circumstance / ….Under the bludgeonings of chance” (lines 5-7)
“Beyond this place of wrath and tears / Looms but the Horror of the shade” (lines 9-10)
“It matters not how strait the gate, / How charged with punishments the scroll” (lines 13-14)
24
1 pt
How does the poem’s use of darkness in its imagery contribute to the text’s overall meaning?
The poem describes night covering the earth from “pole to pole” (line 2), suggesting that the speaker’s outlook on the world is very bleak and hopeless.
The poem describes “night” (line 1) covering the speaker, symbolic of the adversity and/or suffering he faces.
The poem describes “the Horror of the shade” (line 10), suggesting that the speaker’s hard times are only temporary.
The poem describes a dark “place of wrath and tears” (line 9), implying that the speaker is overcome by his depression.
25
1 pt
Which of the following phrases best describes the speaker’s attitude in the fourth stanza?
calm and peaceful
confused and distracted
angry and violent
determined and resilient
26
1 pt
In the second stanza, the speaker claims that he…
is covered in black.
has been beaten up by the gods.
has not complained during difficult times.
is thankful for the beatings he has received
27
1 pt
What are lines 1 and 2 a metaphor for?
Depression and Sorrow
Death and Grief
Night and Graves
Pain and Torture
28
1 pt
In this poem, the word "bludgeoning" means "beating". Which details from the poem best support this definition?
I have not winced nor cried aloud.
My head is bloody, but unbowed.
For my unconquerable soul.
And yet the menace of the years
29
1 pt
In a short paragraph, compare the themes of these two poems and explain which one was the more powerful message and how the structure of the poem made it more powerful.

Directions: Click on the play button to listen to the podcast and answer the following questions. You can replay the podcast as many times as needed.

The outlined content above was added from outside of Formative.
30
1 pt
What is the topic of this podcast?
Money
Cemeteries
Burial Options
Successful Businesses
31
1 pt
What is the central idea of this podcast?
How cemeteries make money.
How to help cemeteries function more like a business.
Why burial options cost so much.
32
1 pt
Which business model best describes the model used by cemeteries?
Diversify burial options (cremation, ground burial, etc.) with more emphasis on non-ground options like cremation or mausoleum, charge more for ground options than for cremation options.
Sell burial plot, invest money to earn interest, use interest to run cemetery, don’t touch principle investment.
Purchase dead body, sell jewelry and internal organs, invest money into bank, earn interest, use interest to run cemetery.
Invest starting money into bank, earn interest, use interest and profits from selling land to run cemetery
33
1 pt
How does this model allow cemeteries to make money after they are full?
When they run out of room to bury bodies, they can resort to alternative methods like cremation.
When they don’t have any more land to sell, they can just withdraw their original money from the bank and use that for operation costs.
When they don’t have any more land to sell, they still receive interest returned from their investment.
34
1 pt
Identify the problems presented with this model.
Some cemeteries don’t invest enough money and states don’t have any regulations that require them to invest more money.
Some states don’t have as many people dying as other states and thus don’t sell as much land.
Some cemeteries invest too much money and don’t have enough left over for daily operation costs.
Some states don’t offer enough land for cemeteries to provide adequate burial space.
35
1 pt
Decide which reason best supports the following argument: “Cemeteries should start heavily investing money when they are 2-3 decades (20-30 years) old.
It’s easier to get investors when all of the landscaping is finished/grown in and the cemetery looks more beautiful.
They have paid for the cost of building the cemetery (roads, irrigation, landscaping, etc.) and are making more profit from selling land. This leaves more money to invest.
If you start investing earlier, you make more money from interest in the long run.
Land is usually worth more several years after it has been developed which means cemeteries can raise the price of burial plots.
36
1 pt
All texts contain irrelevant information. Decide which information is irrelevant to the central idea of this podcast.
What happens to cemeteries that go bankrupt.
Explaining the business structures of cemeteries.
The different prices and types of burial options at cemeteries.
Examples of cemeteries that are doing well and others that are close to bankruptcy.
37
1 pt
What happens to cemeteries that go out of business or become bankrupt? (select all that apply)
They become the property of the town.
Family members of people buried are asked for private donations.
Other cemeteries can purchase or take over the cemetery.
The cemetery closed to the public and left to Mother Nature.
38
1 pt
What is the motive behind this article?
Commercial (to sell you something)
Political (to get you to support a candidate/party/etc.)
Social (to connect people with similar interests)
Educational (answer questions or provide information)

Directions: Use your knowledge of the Greek and Latin word stems we have learned over the course of the year to answer each question.

39
1 pt
In the Lord of the Rings series, one of the main characters is named Aragorn. Using his name only, what assumption could you make about a characteristic this person possessed?
He is a strong leader
He is an eloquent speaker
He is a giant spider
He is a powerful fighter
40
1 pt
Your doctor has recommended that you undergo rhinoplasty. You know that “rhine” is the medical term for nose. Using your knowledge of Latin roots, what term is the best translation of the procedure your doctor is recommending?
A nose piercing
A nose cast
A nose job
A nasal cleaning
41
1 pt
Replace the bolded word in this sentence with the best synonym from your choices below: The angry crowd clamored for higher pay and better insurance benefits.
Whined
Shouted
Whispered
Demanded
42
1 pt
A teacher refers to you as an amateur bagpipist which you think is an insult until you realize…
“Amat” means professional so you are amazing!
“Amat” refers to native Scottish people and your Grandfather was from Scotland.
“Amat” refers to a student and you are still learning to play the bagpipes.
“Amat” means love and you love playing your bagpipes even if you aren’t professional.
43
1 pt
The Emancipation Proclamation is credited with liberating slaves in the United States. What is an accurate synonym for “liberating” based on the word stem liber?
Saving
Freeing
Destroying
Releasing
44
1 pt
When complaining about school your parents often describe you as culpable. What characteristic are they pointing out about you?
You are deserving of blame
You are easy to persuade
You are always innocent
You’re probably right and all of your teachers actually care enough about you to hate you in their spare time. They definitely don’t have better things to be doing...
45
1 pt
A building company specializes in urban development . Where would you be most likely to find their work?
The Great Salt Lake
Toole
Riverton
Salt Lake City
46
1 pt
A person receives a diagnosis of respiratory failure. What type of organ donation would they need?
Kidney
Liver
Lung
Heart
47
1 pt
During an excavation, archaeologists come across a necropolis. What have they discovered? (Hint: There are two words stems combined in this word.)
A dead body
A city of the dead or cemetary
A hidden city, similar to Atlantis
Hidden evidence of an ancient battle
48
1 pt
In a piece of music, you notice the phrase “D.C. al fine.” You understand that you need to go back to the beginning and play to…
The end
The first repeat
The middle
The second movement

Directions: Read each of the following passages. Correct the grammatical errors by selecting the correct option.

It was the day of the big (53) game: and (54) everyone is taking treats to school. My daughter wanted to take a low-sodium treat for students in her Life Skills class. So, we decided to make banana bread. Although my recipe contains nuts, we decided to leave them out. Some students in my daughter’s class are allergic to nuts, and she wanted everybody to be able to enjoy her treat. We made three kinds of banana bread: one with nuts, one with raisins, and one that was plain. The banana bread (55) were a big hit! Someone brought apple butter, so the (56) students eaten banana bread with apple butter. My daughter was happy that weekend for two reasons: the banana bread was good, and her school team won the game!
49
1 pt
Which of the following options will correct the grammar error below.

It was the day of the big game: and everyone is taking treats to school.
game, and
game! And
game; and
game and
Correct as is
50
1 pt
Which of the following options will correct the grammar error below.

It was the day of the big game: and everyone is taking treats to school.
everyone is
everyone was
everyone will be
everyone has been
Correct as is
51
1 pt
Which of the following options will correct the grammar error below.

The banana bread were a big hit!
is
was
will be
had been
Correct as is
52
1 pt
Which of the following options will correct the grammar error below.

Someone brought apple butter, so the students eaten banana bread with apple butter.
students eating
students eats
students ate
students were eating
Correct as is
Marta is a sophomore in college. She is working on a degree in Special Education. She works as a camp counselor every summer. The camp is a special camp for children with physical and mental disadvantages. Marta helps the kids get exercise and improve their social skills. She takes the kids swimming every afternoon in the summer. 57) They goes to bowl once a week. The children really 58) like the camping out in tents. Marta 59) always have wanted work with kids with disabilities. She is looking forward to a career in Special Education.
53
1 pt
Which of the following options will correct the grammar error below.

They goes to bowl once a week.
They do bowling
They go bowling
They are going to bowl
They were bowling
Correct as is
54
1 pt
Which of the following options will correct the grammar error below.

The children really like the camping out in tents.
like to camp
like to go camping
like camping
both A and C are correct
Correct as is
55
1 pt
Which of the following options will correct the grammar error below.

Marta always have wanted work with kids with disabilities.
has always wanted to work
have wanted always to work
always had wanted to work
both A and B are correct
Correct as is
When I turned the doorknob, 60) it open easy. I was immediately suspicious; the door 61) should of been locked on a weekend at midnight. I carefully pushed open the door. It was pitch black inside. I couldn’t even see my own hand on the doorknob. I heard a low growl and I felt something 62) brushed past me. What was it? A tiger…a lion…a wild beast?
“There is Mr. O’Malley, owner of the building. “Come on, Butchy,” he called to the dog. “Time to go home ” Mr. O’Malley looked at me for a moment. Then he said, “I know, I know. I shouldn’t have left the door open. I came back to lock it –– and to find Butchy.”
56
1 pt
Which of the following options will correct the grammar error below.

When I turned the doorknob, it open easy.
it opened easily
it opened easy
it easily opened
correct as is
57
1 pt
Which of the following options will correct the grammar error below.

I was immediately suspicious; the door should of been locked on a weekend at midnight.
should have been locked
should have been lock
should be locked
correct as is
58
1 pt
Which of the following options will correct the grammar error below.

I heard a low growl and I felt something brushed past me.
brush past me
brush passed me
brush passing
brushed passed me
correct as is
Add to my formatives list