ECA II
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by Clay Hurd
| 50 Questions
1
2 pts
What is one reason many Americans called for changes to the Articles of Confederation? (8.1.5)
They thought the state governments were too weak.
They believed that a weak central government was ineffective.
They wanted a plan of government made up of two branches.
They opposed the Northwest Ordinance.
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2
2 pts
Which event was not a cause for the Mexican- American War?
A letter written by President Polk agreeing that the border between the U.S. and Mexico was the Nueces River
President Polk sending General Zachary Taylor to provoke the Mexicans to attack
Texas being annexed by the U.S.
Mexican troops attacking an U.S. Army patrol
Use the information in the chart and your knowledge of social studies to answer Question 3.
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3
2 pts
Smaller states opposed the Virginia Plan because they (8.1.6)
They disliked James Madison and he was from Virginia
Smaller states wanted a weak executive.
Smaller states preferred to keep the Articles of Confederation.
Smaller states feared they would not have enough power in the new Congress.
4
2 pts
Which of the following is an example of "separation of powers" at work in the federal government of the United States? (8.2.2)
The judicial branch may not declare an act of Congress unconstitutional.
Congress may declare war.
The federal government is divided into legislative, executive, and judicial branch.
The term for a senator is six years.
5
2 pts
Shay's Rebellion helped to persuade (8.4.1)
the central government to pass new land ordinances.
state governments to print more money.
government leaders to revise the Articles of Confederation.
Congress to give itself greater power to tax its citizens.
6
2 pts
Which of the following was NOT a result of the Lewis and Clark expedition? (8.1.12)
a documented map showing a new route to the Pacific Ocean.
increased knowledge about Native American cultures
a reduced desire to explore more of the Louisiana Territory
greater information about plant and animal life in the West
7
2 pts
According to the U.S. Constitution, which of the following should be a responsibility of citizens? (8.2.8)
to attend adult education courses to get a diploma
to vote in elections
to attend weekly religious services
to petition the government for lower taxes
8
2 pts
In his Farewell Address, George Washington advised against becoming involved in European affairs because (8.1.10)
the British in the Northwest Territory were allies.
he did not want the United States to develop entangling alliances with foreign nations.
France was too weak to aid the United States in battle.
he opposed foreign trade.
9
2 pts
John Quincy Adams won the 1824 election over Andrew Jackson because of the (8.1.16)
appointments by the prior president
Spoil systems
Nominating conventions
Corrupt Bargaining
10
2 pts
In 1832, the nullification process was caused by (8.4.3, 8.1.16)
Calhoun's claim that a state had the right to nullify a federal law.
Congress lowering the tariffs.
European goods were more available.
Jackson and Calhoun's decision to support a high tariff.
11
2 pts
Which of the following is TRUE about the Alien and Sedition Acts? (8.1.9)
The acts made it a crime for anyone to write or say anything negative about the federal government.
It strengthened the political divide between Federalists and Democratic-Republicans.
Under the acts, the President was not permitted to deport any alien he considered dangerous.
Both A and B are correct responses.
12
2 pts
How did Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson disagree on the size and scope of the federal government of the United States? (8.1.8)
Hamilton and Jefferson generally agreed on the size and scope of the federal government of the United States.
Hamilton wanted a strict interpretation of the U.S. Constitution and Jefferson wanted a loose interpretation of the U.S. Constitution.
Jefferson favored a strong central government while Hamilton favored strong state governments.
Jefferson favored a strong state government while Hamilton favored strong central government.
13
2 pts
Which of the following was a result of the War of 1812? (8.1.14)
New England states left the United States.
The border between Canada and the United States was redrawn.
The United States won its second war for independence.
The United States agreed to remain neutral in European wars.
14
2 pts
Which of the following would not be an idea found in the Monroe Doctrine? (8.1.15)
European countries could not colonize in North and South America.
The U.S. would not interfere in European conflicts.
The U.S. would not be involved in European internal affairs.
European countries could continue to develop colonial empires with U.S. permission.
Use the map to answer question 15
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15
2 pts
Based on the map, through which states did the Choctaws travel to reach Indian Territory?(8.1.16)
Georgia and Louisiana
Georgia and North Carolina
Louisiana and Arkansas
Missouri and Arkansas
16
2 pts
The Continental Divide was evidence that __________ did not exist. (8.3.4)
Northwest Passage
the Santa Fe Trail
the Fountain of Youth
the Oregon Trail
Use the quotation to answer the following question
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17
2 pts
Use the quotation to answer the following question Which event does the quote describe? (8.1.16, 8.1.30)
the Trail of Tears
the Lewis and Clark expedition
the Middle Passage
Valley Forge
18
2 pts
The opening phrase of the U.S. Constitution, "We, the people" means that the government gets its authority from (8.2.1)
the executive branch
state legislatures
Congress
citizens
19
2 pts
In the debate over the Constitution, the Anti-Federalists most feared (8.1.6)
a national sales tax
disorder without a strong central government
the establishment of a state religion
the overriding power of a strong central government
20
2 pts
As part of the Great Compromise, what fraction of the enslaved people in a state were included when determining representation in Congress?(8.1.6)
one-quarter
three-fifths
two-thirds
one-half
21
2 pts
Thomas Jefferson was uneasy about purchasing the Louisiana Territory because (8.1.12)
he did not have the constitutional power to buy land from another country.
he worried about angering farmers who shipped their crops to New Orleans.
he did not trust Monroe and Livingston to make a favorable deal.
he worried that the land in the territory would be of poor quality.
22
2 pts
The Mississippi River was especially important to Midwest farmers because it (8.3.4)
encouraged new settlers to come north on barges and steamboats.
was a barrier protecting them from Native American attacks.
allowed them to ship their crops to market in New Orleans.
blocked the westward expansion of the United States.
23
2 pts
According to Hamilton's Plan, the U.S. (8.4.9)
needed to establish a national bank.
needed to go to War with France
should not be responsible for paying off foreign debts.
Establish a colony in Mexico
24
2 pts
Which power is shared by the federal, state, and local governments of the United States?(8.2.4, 8.2.5)
declaring war
taxation
placing parking meters
issuing building permits
25
2 pts
Which of the following principles was not included in John Marshall's ruling in Marbury vs. Madison? (8.1.13)
Constitution is the Supreme Law of the Land.
Constitution must be followed when in conflict with other laws.
Judicial Review is not supported by the Constitution.
Judicial Branch can declare laws unconstitutional.
26
2 pts
Washington's response to the Whiskey Rebellion (8.1.7)
confirmed the rights of individuals to protect unfair laws
established the strength of national government for the first time
supported the doctrine of states' rights
led to a reduction of the excise tax
27
2 pts
What effect did the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hildalgo have on the United States? (8.1.19)
The United States recognized the Mexican border at the Nueces River.
The United States paid Mexico $10 million for land in Arizona and New Mexico.
Texas gained independence from Mexico and became a republic.
Mexico ceded a large area of territory to the United States.
28
2 pts
The progressive movement established women's suffrage, which is the right to _____________________?
vote
hold public office
own land
attend college
29
2 pts
The idea of Manifest Destiny was a cause of all of the following EXCEPT (8.1.18)
the westward movement
the Texas War of Independence
the annexation of Oregon
the Mexican- American War
30
2 pts
Which was a reason that people took the Oregon trail? (8.3.5)
to find farmland
to take part in the fur trade
to win converts to Christianity
All the above
31
2 pts
Which of the following allowed Missouri to enter the Union as a slave state and Maine to enter the Union as a free state? (8.1.22)
urbanization
increased immigration
the Industrial Revolution
Missouri Compromise
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32
2 pts
Between 1820-1850, what physical obstacle did many of the roads going from east to west have in common? (8.3.4)
They had to link many cities
They had to ford many cities.
They had to cross the Appalachian Mountains.
They had to cross the Mississippi.
33
2 pts
The "mountain men" of the Oregon Territory were (8.3.8)
Miners
Trappers
Ranchers
Fishermen
34
2 pts
Which of the following expresses an attitude about abolition held by some northern workers? (8.1.22)
They supported the abolitionist movement because it would hurt the women’s rights movement.
They were against the abolitionist movement because they feared that former slaves would take their jobs.
They welcomed the abolitionist movement because it meant that more men and women would vote in elections.
They worried that the abolitionist movement would result in overcrowded schools.
35
2 pts
The Seneca Falls Convention was held to discuss the rights of (8.1.23)
Asians
Women
Native Americans
African Americans
36
2 pts
The Northern Strategy to win the Civil War focused on
Blockading northern ports
Maintaining control of the Ohio River Valley
Capturing the port cities of Charleston and Savannah
Using Winfield Scott's Anaconda Plan to seize control of the South
Use diagram to answer the following question
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37
2 pts
Which part of the Compromise of 1850 shown in the diagram was most likely demanded by southern members of Congress (8.1.8)?
the Fugitive Slave Act
the settlement of a border dispute between Texas and New Mexico
a ban of the slave trade in the nation's capital
the admission of California as a state
38
2 pts
Why did John Brown mount his raid on Harper's Ferry? (8.1.23)
to free African Americans who had been captured by the U.S. Army
to raise an army of African Americans and lead them in slave revolt
to protest the Pottawatomie Massacre in Kansas
to demonstrate that he sided with Northerners in the debate over slavery
39
2 pts
How did the South react to Abraham Lincoln's election as President in 1860? (8.1.30)
To save the Union, Southern leaders agreed to support the new President.
North Carolina and Virginia seceded, followed by South Carolina
Seven Southern states seceded and formed the Confederate States of America
Southern leaders called for a new presidential election to be held in the spring.
40
2 pts
Which of the following was a point made in the DREDD SCOTT decision (8.1.21)?
Congress could prohibit slavery in any territory
Slaves were property, even if hey lived in a free territory.
Slaves were citizens.
All of the above.
41
2 pts
Which statement BEST describes the results of the presidential election of 1860? (8.2.7)
Regional attitudes toward slavery played a small role in the outcome.
Moderate voters who wanted a compromise on slavery determined the winner.
Regional attitudes toward slavery directly affected the outcome.
National unity led to a landslide victory for the Republican candidate.
42
2 pts
In the Lincoln-Douglas debates Abraham Lincoln (8.2.9)
supported the idea of popular sovereignty.
gained support that helped him defeat Douglas for the Senate in 1858.
insisted that any new territories be kept free from slavery.
supported the Fugitive Slave Act.
43
2 pts
The Kansas-Nebraska
was proposed by Abraham Lincoln.
supported the ideas outlined in the Compromise of 1850.
was well received by Canada.
introduced the idea of popular sovereignty.
Use the graph and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following question.
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44
2 pts
According to these graphs, what effect did the Civil War have on the North and the South (8.1.27)?
The Confederacy lost a majority of the key Civil War battles.
The Confederacy suffered the greatest share of the dead overall during the Civil War.
Almost every state in the South was devastated by the fighting
The Union suffered more casualties but lost a smaller percentage of its fighting force.
45
2 pts
After the first Battle of Bull Run (8.1.25)
Robert E. Lee knew that he would quickly defeat the North
Ulysses S. Grant was made commander of the Union Army.
the North and the South realized that the war would be a long, hard struggle.
Lincoln realized that the war would be even shorter than he had thought.
46
2 pts
Who is remembered for his "march to the sea"? (8.1.25)
Joseph Hooker
George Meade
Stonewall Jackson
William Tecumseh Sherman
47
2 pts
When Reconstruction began, Lincoln's main goal was to (8.1.26)
punish the South for seceding
deny the African Americans the right to vote
station federal troops throughout the South
quickly restore the Union
48
2 pts
After the Civil War, which of the following was true? (8.4.6)
Cities and plantations lay in charred ruins
Thousands of southern men were killed or returned home disabled by wounds.
Confederate money was useless, banks closed and many people lost their life savings.
All the above
Use the following information for question 50
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49
2 pts
Which of the above amendments guaranteed equal protection of the laws?
13th Amendment
14th Amendment
15th Amendment
None of the above
50
2 pts
At the beginning of the Civil War all of the following was true EXCEPT:
The South had excellent military leadership.
The North had a larger population and resources.
Factories were a significant advantage for the North.
Men in the North were fighting to maintain their "way of life."
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