Root Words
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by Kathy Egbert
| 40 Questions
Note from the author:
Identifying common prefixes and suffixes used in science
Directions:
Choose the response that best matches the meaning of the root word given in each question.
Some meanings will be used more than once.
1
1
A-/An-
With
Without
Above
Below
2
1
Anti-
Above
Below
Against
Same
3
1
Archaeo-
New
Young
Earth
Ancient
4
1
Aqua-
Water
Soil
Above
Below
5
1
Bi-/Di-
One
Two
Many
Cut
6
1
Bio-
Life
Death
Earth
Light
7
1
Chloro-
Colour
Blue
Green
Light
8
1
Chroma-
Colour
Blue
Green
Light
9
1
Com-/Con-
With
Without
Above
Below
10
1
Cyto-
Tissue
Blood
Cell
Organism
11
1
Exo-
Inside
Outside
Past
Present
12
1
Endo-
Inside
Outside
Old
New
13
1
-genesis
Sound
Light
Destroy
Create
14
1
Homo-
Different
Same
Equal
Man
15
1
Hetero-
Different
Same
Equal
Man
16
1
Hemo-
Tissue
Blood
Cell
Organism
17
1
Hydro-
Water
Soil
Above
Below
18
1
Hyper-
Water
Same
Above
Below
19
1
Hypo-
Water
Same
Above
Below
20
1
Inter-
Outside
Within
Between
Inside
21
1
Intra-
Outside
Within
Between
Beginning
22
1
Iso-
Same
Above
Below
Different
23
1
-lysis
Create
Break
Form
Cell
24
1
Macro-
Large
Small
Equal
Different
25
1
Micro-
Large
Small
Equal
Different
26
1
Mono-/Uni-
One
Two
Many
Without
27
1
Multi-
One
Two
Many
Without
28
1
Neuro-
Muscle
Nerve
Cell
Bone
29
1
Para-
Above
Below
Near
Far
30
1
Phago-
To eat
To drink
To destroy
To break
31
1
-philic
Love
Fear
Water
Cell
32
1
-phobic
Love
Fear
Water
Cell
33
1
Photo-
Light
Dark
Colour
Glucose
34
1
Poly-
One
Two
Many
Side
35
1
Pro-
Ancient
Before
After
New
36
1
Pseudo
True
False
Copy
Name
37
1
-some
Cell
Tissue
Body
Few
38
1
-stasis
Stay
Change
Different
Equal
39
1
Sym-
Oppose
Together
Ignore
Without
40
1
Trans-
Under
Over
Across
Change
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