Modern Heredity Part 1 Concept Review 2
by John Lundy
| 7 Questions
Note from the author:
An assignment to Insure understanding of the Chromosomal foundation to inheritance and gene linkage.
Figure 13.3 Inheritance patterns of unlinked and linked genes are shown. In (a), two genes are located on
different chromosomes so independent assortment occurs during meiosis. The offspring have an equal chance
of being the parental type (inheriting the same combination of traits as the parents) or a nonparental type
(inheriting a different combination of traits than the parents). In (b), two genes are very close together on the
same chromosome so that no crossing over occurs between them. The genes are therefore always inherited
together and all of the offspring are the parental type. In (c), two genes are far apart on the chromosome such that
crossing over occurs during every meiotic event. The recombination frequency will be the same as if the genes
were on separate chromosomes. (d) The actual recombination frequency of fruit fly wing length and body color
that Thomas Morgan observed in 1912 was 17 percent. A crossover frequency between 0 percent and 50 percent
indicates that the genes are on the same chromosome and crossover occurs some of the time.
Figure 13.4 This genetic map orders Drosophila genes on the basis of recombination frequency.
X-linked recessive traits in humans (or in Drosophila)
are observed ________.
a. in more males than females
b. in more females than males
c. in males and females equally
d. in different distributions depending on the trait
The first suggestion that chromosomes may physically
exchange segments came from the microscopic
identification of ________.
a. synapsis
b. sister chromatids
c. chiasmata
d. alleles
Which recombination frequency corresponds to
independent assortment and the absence of linkage?
a. 0
b. 0.25
c. 0.50
d. 0.75
Which recombination frequency corresponds to perfect
linkage and violates the law of independent assortment?
a. 0
b. 0.25
c. 0.50
d. 0.75
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