Peace Treaty of Paris 1783 and the aftermath of states claiming territory
by Peter Flynn
| 25 Questions
Note from the author:
Worksheet reflecting the Peace Treaty of Paris 1783 and the impact of territorial dispute amongst the state claims.
Although British hopes of winning the Revolutionary War ended in 1781 with their defeat at Yorktown, nearly two years passed before the United States and Britain signed the Treaty of Paris and officially ended the war. What took so long?
The peace process was complicated because France, Spain, and Holland had also joined the conflict, fighting with the Americans against the British. Each of these countries had their own strategic national goals for the war, which made a final peace harder to agree on. Also, although Britain's King George III did not think he could win the war anymore, he was still determined not to grant the Americans independence. But John Adams, John Jay, and Benjamin Franklin, the three Americans sent to Britain to negotiate the peace treaty, insisted that independence for the colonies be built into the peace agreement. It took time and discussion to work out the other details of the treaty, if not to the satisfaction, at least to the acceptance of the other parties involved who had fought on the side of the American colonists - the French, the Spanish, and the Dutch, each of whom had their own national interests.
Finally, the Treaty of Paris was finally ratified in September 1783, and it was a great victory for the Americans. The treaty not only recognized the United States of America as an independent nation, but also established boundaries that extended far to the west of the 13 original colonies. The new country would be bounded by the Atlantic Ocean on the east, the Mississippi River on the west, Florida on the south, and Canada and the Great Lakes on the north. Spain retained control of Florida, and the United States was permitted use of the Mississippi River.
Who is this person?
Who is this person?
The Peace Treaty of Paris of 1783 ended what war?
The French and Indian War
The Seven Years War
The Queen Anne's War
The American Revolution
What battle ended the American Revolution?
Battle of Lexington
Battle of White Plains
Battle of Saratoga
Battle of Yorktown
Who else was in the war against Britain, which slowed the signing of the treaty
France, Germany and Netherlands (Dutch)
Spain, France and Netherlands (Dutch)
Germany, Spain and France
France, Germany and Netherlands (Dutch)
According to the cartoon, what nation tried to help write the "Treaty of Paris"?
Who were the two British delegates according to the cartoon?
Richard Oswald and Henry Laurens
Richard Oswald and David Hartley
Henry Laurens and Benjamin Franklin
John Adams and John Jay
According to the cartoon, what famous American patriot was unable to attend the Peace Treaty meeting?
According to the cartoon, the United states ______________ in size when the land ____________________ of the Mississippi River is given to them by the British.
What date was the Peace Treaty of Paris signed according to the cartoon?
July 4, 1776
September 3, 1783
October 19, 1781
April 19, 1775
For America, The Treaty of Paris accomplished:
END OF WAR: The official end of the Revolutionary War
NEW GOVERNMENT: This treaty gave the colonies their independence from Great Britain. The 13 states were free to make their own rules and create their own state and national government without British interference. (Note to students: The Articles of Confederation were written in 1781, two years before the end of the American Revolution). They were replaced with the Constitution of the United States in 1790. This is the same Constitution that is in place today. Only 27 amendments have been added over the past 225 years, 10 of which are the Bill of Rights, which were added immediately.
MORE LAND: The British gave America all the land between the Atlantic Ocean and the Mississippi River, and from Canada to the north and Florida to the south. Land that Parliament had "reserved" for the Indian nations would now be open for settlement. Boundary is created between the British North America and the United States, i.e., between the Atlantic on the eastern side and the Mississippi river on the west, on the basis of the Mitchell Map. The boundary is made from the 49th parallel on the north to the 31st parallel on the south.
REMOVAL OF BRITISH MILITARY: The British army and navy agreed to leave all American territories.
FREE TRADE: British Parliament had passes many laws to control trade in the American colonies. These laws were repealed, and American colonists were free to trade with whomever they chose.
The Thirteen Colonies of America are declared to be free, independent and sovereign states and the British Crown is not supposed to have any control over the running of these States.
The fishermen from United States of America were given the right to fish in the Grand Banks as well as the Gulf of Saint Lawrence.
The provisions of the debtors on both sides paying the creditors on both sides, were recognized.
The Congress Confederation "earnestly recommended" the State Legislature to recognize the rightful owners of the lands and properties that had been confiscated and settle all kinds of property issues with the Loyalists.
The prisoners of the war of both the countries were released and all those which the British had left behind in the United States of America, were to remain as they were.
Access to the Mississippi was permitted for both the countries.
Subsequent to the Treaty, all the territories that were captured by the Americans, were to be returned without any kind of compensation.
The Treaty was to be ratified 6 months from the date of signing by both the countries.
According to the above, The Treaty of Paris gave
colonies thier independence from Great Britain
maintained control of all land from the Atlantic to the Mississippi to the British
granted the British fisherie rights off the Eastern seaboard of the United States
According to the Peace Treaty of Paris, the British Army and Navy were required to leave all American territory
The U.S. Constitution replaced what Continental Congress passed document?
Declaration of Independence
Treaty of Paris 1763
Albany Plan of Union
Articles of Confederation
How many amendments to the U.S. Constitution are part of the "Bill of Rights"
How many amendment have been added to the United States Constitution?
According to the Peace Treaty of Paris, the United States could trade with any nation.
Fisherman could not fish in the Grand Banks
Prisoner of War would be released immediately.
Britian could not travel up/down the Mississippi River
The Peace Treaty of Paris would be ratified in how many months
According to the above map, Spain controlled all the land _________________ of the Mississippi River
The area claimed that borders New York and New Hampshire becomes the 14th state of the United States is?
Virginia claimed land in the western territories, but this state was created from that territory in 1792
This territory was claimed by North Carolina, but entered the United States as a state in 1796
Britain mantained a dispute over borders with Canada in what is now known as part of Wisconsin and Minnesota
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