13th Documentary
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by Layne Holter
| 12 Questions

Day 1 Questions - Film Time: 0:00 - 27:23

1
1
Why is it ironic that America is known as the “land of the free”?
2
1
President Lyndon B. Johnson ushered in the War on Crime, Nixon began a figurative War on Drugs that became a literal War on Drugs in the Reagan era. These Executive and Legislative policies had racial underpinnings and the government played an acitve role in criminalizing and targeting communities of color? How does this make you feel? Discuss using the quotation below.

"The Nixon campaign in 1968, and the Nixon White House after that, had two enemies: the antiwar left and black people. You understand what I’m saying? We knew we couldn’t make it illegal to be either against the war or black, but by getting the public to associate the hippies with marijuana and blacks with heroin, and then criminalizing both heavily, we could disrupt those communities. We could arrest their leaders, raid their homes, break up their
meetings, and vilify them night after night on the evening news. Did we know we were lying about the drugs? Of course we did". – John Ehrlichman, Nixon Administration Advisor
3
1
Crack vs Cocaine. Same drug (one powdered, one cooked) but used in different racial communities and carry different sentencing. Share your thoughts on how this contributed to mass incarceration.
4
1
List one WOW moment or fact from the last segment:

Day 2 Questions - Film Time: 27:23 - 1:09.20

5
1
How do you feel about the policy stands of the Clintons from the 1990’s in regards to today? Do you feel that past Presidents like Nixon, Reagan, Both Bush’s and the Clintons did what the people wanted or did they make the people want those tough on crime policies?
6
1
According to the documentary, President Clinton built the infrastructure for mass incarceration: mandatory minimums (taking the discretion away from judges), militarization of police (SWAT teams), three-strikes law, and truth-in-sentencing laws (must serve 85% of sentence). Discuss the role of politics and crime and how you see it impacting us today (both past and current administrations).
7
1
How do you feel about the American Legislative Exchange Council and Corrections Corporation of America?
8
1
List one WOW moment or fact from the last segment:

Day 3 Questions - Film Time: 1:09.20 - 1:40.21

9
1
“No one in the hood goes to trial.” Discuss your understanding (or what you learned) about bail, plea bargains, and refusing to settle your case. How did the story of Kalief Browder impact you?
10
1
“So many aspects of the old Jim Crow are suddenly legal again once you’ve been branded a felon. And so it seems that in America we haven’t so much ended racial caste, but simply redesigned it.” —Michelle Alexander

The impact of incarceration doesn’t end when one returns to society. As stated, there are over 40,000 collateral consequences that follow the returning citizen. Does this truly reflect YOUR values or the values we proclaim as a nation? Discuss your thoughts.
11
1
Did this movie change your opinion about the US government? Why or why not? What impacted you the most about the film?
12
1
List one WOW moment or fact from the last segment:
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