Formation of Biomes Benchmark
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by Jennifer Nickel
| 25 Questions
1
1 pt
A mid-oceanic ridge will most likely be found
within the Rocky Mountains
within the Atlantic Ocean
within the Panama Canal
within the San Andreas Fault
2
1 pt
What landform was formed when India moved and collided with Asia after the most recent Pangaea?
Islands
Mountains
Volcanoes
Glaciers
3
1 pt
Which of the following best explains how South America developed a rainforest after Pangaea?
South America migrated north, becoming tropical Tundra.
South America migrated closer to the equator receiving more direct sunlight
Sea floor spreading helped separate South America and Africa, surrounding both with water.
Asteroid impacts caused South America and Africa to drift apart, surrounding both with water.
4
1 pt
Frequent earthquakes in an area may indicate
reversed polarity.
tectonic plate boundaries.
sea-floor spreading.
mantle convection.
5
1 pt
An example of a transform boundary is the
San Andreas Fault in California.
Nazca plate on the east coast of South America.
island arc of Japan.
Eurasian plate at the Mid-Atlantic Ridge.
6
1 pt
What happens when oceanic and continental plates collide?
Valleys are created by the excessive energy release.
Mountains can be created through uplift and volcanic eruptions.
The geosphere and the lithosphere are disrupted.
The continental lithosphere subducts beneath the oceanic lithosphere.
7
1 pt
What often forms when large terranes and continents collide?
small volcanic islands
small coral islands
cratons
major mountain chains
8
1 pt
A volcanic mountain is formed by
repeated magma eruptions on Earth’s surface.
the pressure of magma that does not erupt on the Earth’s surface.
rock layers that are bent and squeezed during several eathquakes
the uplift of rock during continental plate collisions.
9
1 pt
Folded mountains form
when a tsunami occurs.
after earthquakes.
when continents collide.
when continents diverge.
10
1 pt
Tectonic plates are blocks of
geosphere.
hydrosphere.
biosphere.
atmosphere.
11
1 pt
Modern climates are a result of past movements of
populations of organisms.
herds of elephants
tectonic plates.
rain clouds and snow banks.
12
1 pt
Los Angeles is currently South of San Francisco. What may cause LA to be moving northward?
transform boundary movement of the San Andreas fault
sea floor spreading in the Pacific Ocean
volcanic activity in Hawaii and Japan
continued subduction of the Alaskan terrain
13
1 pt
Oxidation, hydrolysis, acid precipitation, and carbonation are examples of
mechanical weathering.
erosion.
sedimentation.
chemical weathering.
14
1 pt
A hole cut into fractured, weak rock along a cliff base is called a
sea stack.
sea gull.
sea cave.
sea angel.
15
1 pt
Beaches are formed by
terrace weathering.
longshore current.
earthquakes.
deposition of sediment.
16
1 pt
Mounds of wind-deposited sand are called
dunes.
salt stones.
ventifacts.
sandstone.
17
1 pt
Precipitation that can weather buildings in a polluted city is called
calcification.
hydrolysis.
acid rain.
mechanical weathering.
18
1 pt
Which type of weathering would occur in the Tundra?
mechanical and chemical due to glacial abrasion and lichen breaking down rocks
chemical from ice wedging due to the high amount of precipitation.
mechanical due to the heat expansion from the dry climate
mechanical root wedging from the lush plant growth.
19
1 pt
Which climate zone has little precipitation and high temperatures?
savanna
desert
rain forest
tundra
20
1 pt
Which of these climates is characterized by dense, lush vegetation, broadleaf plants, and high biodiversity?
desert
savanna
tundra
rain forest
21
1 pt
Which of these climates has treeless plains, permafrost, and nine months of temperatures below freezing?
savanna
tundra
desert
rain forest
22
1 pt
The desert climate is like the tundra climate in that they both feature
temperatures above freezing.
low annual precipitation.
temperatures below freezing.
alternating wet and dry periods.
23
1 pt
Why is it difficult for large plants to grow in the Tundra?
There is too much precipitation for roots to hold.
There is not enough precipitation to allow the roots to grow.
The drought in California has affected the soil hardness.
Roots can’t penetrate the frozen permafrost,
24
1 pt
How can rhinos and zebra both survive in a small savanna ecoregion if they are both grass eaters?
The variety of grass is appealing to only the rhinos so the zebra leave.
The variety of grass is appealing to only the zebra so the rhinos leave.
The variety of grasses grow to different heights, allowing the zebra to eat tall grass while the rhinos eat the shorter grass.
The variety of grasses grow to different heights, allowing the adult rhinos and zebra to eat tall grass while their babies eat the shorter grass.
25
1 pt
The Imperial Valley desert has a mountain range to the west. How does this cause our dry climate?
Moist winds hit the mountain range and are diverted back to the coast as fog, hail, sleet or rain.
Moisture in the wind turns to ice, causing ice wedging and heat expansion erosion in the mountains.
Moisture finds its way to the valley from Baja California, bypassing any mountains..
Moist wind rises up the mountainside, cooling the air and condensing the moisture. The dry wind continues over the mountains, leaving the moisture to precipitate elsewhere.
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