Events Leading to Civil War Review
by Leigh Face
| 10 Questions
Note from the author:
Reviews events between 1850 and 1861 which led to the Civil War.
How did the Compromise of 1850 settle the dispute over California becoming a new state?
The compromise allowed California to become a free state and eliminated slavery in DC, but called for a stronger law to help recapture runaways.
The California Territory was split into two states, California and Nevada, and one allowed slavery and one didn’t.
Missouri was allowed into the Union as a slave state and California was admitted as a free state.
California was not admitted as a state – they were told they would need to wait until after the Civil War was over to apply again.
How did the Fugitive Slave Act increase tension between the North and South?
The Northern states threatened to use force if Southern slave catchers came to find runaways.
Southerners were upset that they had no way of recapturing their runaways because of the new law.
Northerners resented the fact that they now had to make slavery legal in their states because of the South’s complaints.
The law angered Northerners because they now had to help recapture runaways, but pleased the South because they viewed slaves as property.
Why did violence erupt in Kansas in 1855 over the issue of slavery?
Abolitionists were trying to hide runaways in the Kansas Territory so they wouldn’t be caught by slave catchers.
Kansas voted to secede from the Union and violence broke out between those who were in favor and those who were opposed to the decision.
The election to determine if slavery would be allowed was invalid because of illegal voting, so both pro and anti-slavery forces began attacking one another in protest.
The President sent in U.S. troops to force residents of Kansas to free their slaves.
How did the publication of Uncle Tom’s Cabin contribute to the start of the Civil War?
Many factories were built in the South to process the cotton grown on plantations into textiles.
Southerners were angry over being portrayed in a negative way, so they began to secede from the Union.
The book’s descriptions and stories of the horrors of slavery caused many Northerners to support the anti-slavery movement.
Harriet Beecher Stowe was killed for writing the book, which caused Northerners to resent slavery even more.
How did the Supreme Court rule in the case of Dred Scott, the slave who was suing for his freedom?
They ruled that Scott could not be set free because he returned to a slave state, but his owner could not take him to a free state again.
The Court said Scott was not a free man, could not sue because he was not a citizen, and that slaves could be considered property by their owners.
After the ruling, Scott was set free because he’d spent time in a state that did not allow slavery.
The Supreme Court decided that slavery was illegal in all cases and Dred Scott, along with all other slaves, were freed.
What did John Brown plan to do after attacking the arsenal at Harper’s Ferry?
Brown’s plan was to distribute weapons to slaves in the area so they could revolt against their owners and become free.
The plan was to march to Washington D.C. and hold the President and Congress hostage until they signed an amendment to the Constitution freeing the slaves.
His plan was to return to Kansas with the weapons he stole to continue his abolitionist efforts in that territory.
Brown wanted to raise his own army to invade the South and force slave owners to free their slaves.
Why were Southerners so angry over the election of Abraham Lincoln to the presidency in 1960?
The election results were fixed and Southern candidates’ names were purposely left off the ballots so Lincoln would win.
During his campaign, Lincoln stated his first action as president would be to abolish slavery and force the South to free their slaves.
Lincoln helped free slaves on the Underground Railroad, and the South resented an abolitionist being elected as president.
Southerners believed that Lincoln would abolish slavery as president, even though he’d stated that he only wanted to keep it from spreading.
What did it mean for states to secede beginning in December of 1861?
The Southern states that seceded declared war on the United States and invaded their territory.
The Northern states voted to dismiss the Southern states from the Union until they agreed to abolish slavery.
The states that seceded made the decision to stop being a part of the United States and form their own country, which they called the Confederate States of America.
The Southern states decided to overthrow the government in Washington, D.C. and replace it with one that would support slavery.
What was the result of the Battle of Fort Sumter in April 1861?
The North maintained control of the fort and forced the Governor of South Carolina to surrender control of the capital city.
The South won the battle, forced the fort to surrender, and the event marked the official start of the Civil War.
Neither side won the battle, but it marked the beginning of the Civil War.
The fort was completely destroyed by the fighting and neither side was able to occupy it afterwards.
Which of the following statements is true about the events leading to the Civil War?
Without warning, violence erupted between the North and South between the years 1850-1861, resulting in the beginning of the Civil War.
The beginnings of the Civil War can be clearly seen as the events occurring between 1850 and 1861 became increasingly violent during that time.
The Civil War began quickly, with anger between the North and South exploding into violence in just a year’s time.
Slavery was a minor reason for the beginning of the Civil War.
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