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Evolution Test
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by JENNIFER EWBANK
| 23 Questions
Note from the author:
Evolution
1
1 pt
The change in populations over time.
Evolution
Genetic Drift
Punctuated equilibrium
Natural selection
2
1 pt
A priest who served as a naturalist on the H.M.S. Beagle. Formed Theory of Evolution by Natural Selection.
Thomas Malthus
Alfred Russel Wallace
Charles Darwin
Jean Babtiste Lamarck
3
1 pt
A group of small islands near the equator, about 1000 km off the west coast of South America. Observations of the island fauna lead to the Theory of Evolution by Natural Selection.
Fiji Islands
Falkland Islands
Galapagos Islands
Aleutain Islands
4
1 pt
A body structure in a present day organism that no longer serves its original purpose
Vestigial organ
The human appendix is an example
Internal organ
All of the above
Only A&B
5
1 pt
A British naturalist who proposed a similar theory of evolution but did not get much credit for his work.
Thomas Malthus
Alfred Russell Wallace
Charlse Darwin
Jean Baptiste Lamarck

6
1 pt
A mechanism for change in populations where an organism with a favorable trait survives, reproduces, and pass the favorable phenotype to the next generation. Organisms without the favorable phenotype are less likley to survive and reproduce.
Directional Selection
Natural Selection
Disruptive Selection
Structural Selection
7
1 pt
Body parts that do not have a commom evolutionary origin but are similar in function
Analogous structures
Homologous structures
vestigial structures
8
1 pt
Evidence of Evolution.......
Fossil
Anatomical
Embryological
Biochemical
All of the above
9
1 pt
Speciation can occur when a physical barrier divides a population.
Allopatric Speciation
Reproducive Isolation
Genetic Equilibrium
Adaptive Radiation
10
1 pt
Structural features with a common evolutionary origin
Bird, whale, and human forearms are examples
Homologous structures
Analogous structures
A&B
11
1 pt
Evolution occurs in......
Individuals
Populations
12
1 pt
What is the term for a feature that allows an organism to survive better in its enviroment?
variation
adaptation
homologous structure
vestigial structure
13
1 pt
All the individuals of a species that live in a particular area are called a
variation
fossil
popuation
group
14
1 pt
The remnant of an organ that had a function in an early ancestor is known as a(n)
vestigial structure
analogous structure
homologous structure
fossil structure
15
1 pt
The hind leg bones in a whale are examples of
homologous structures
analogous structures
fossil structures
vestigial structures
16
1 pt
What is the process in which humans breed organisms for certain traits?
natural selection
inheritance of acquired characteristics
artificial selection
descent without modification
17
1 pt
When the DNA of an organism is altered it is referred to as...
Mutation
Genetic drift
Gene Flow
Sexual Selection
18
1 pt
Which of the following is not an example of natural selection?
people selectivley breeding hamsters
bacteria becoming resistant to antibiotics
insect populations developing resistance to certain pesticides
male birds of certain species developing colorful feathers to attract female mates
19
1 pt
The enviroment around Manchester, England changed during the Industrial Revolution. How did this change affect peppered moths living in the area?
Natural selection favored moths with dark wings because predators could not see them on the soot-colored trees.
Natural selection favored moths with white wings that were easy for predators to see.
20
1 pt
Two organisms that are closley related would have
very similar DNA sequence
exactly the same DNA sequences
no proteins in common
completlely different DNA sequence
21
1 pt
Inherited trait that helps an organism survive is a(n)
Fossil
Adaptation
Ancestor
Natural selection
22
1 pt
Why are advantageous traits more likley to be passed onto offspring?
Because they are more likley to survive and reproduce
Because they come from dominent alleles
Because they come from recessive alleles
Because the trait is an acquired phenotype
23
1 pt
The ability of an organism to survive and reproduce in its specific enviroment
diversity
evolution
adaptation
fitness
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