At this 1945 conference, Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin met to discuss plans to govern postwar Germany and to rebuild the war-torn nations of Europe.
A Yalta Conference
B Atlantic Charter
C Teheran Conference
D Potsdam Conference
Select ALL countries that were in the AXIS Powers.
C United States
E Great Britain
Select ALL 3 countries that were part of the Allies
C United States
D Great Britain
This map below shows the resistance of American and Allied forces against the German offensive in late-1944, which became known as
B El Alamein
C The Western Front
D The Battle of the Bulge
To win this battle, the Allies had to break the coded communication of the German U-Boats
A The Battle of the Atlantic
B The Battle of the Pacific
D The Battle of the Bulge
The purpose of this attack on Nazi-occupied France was to split the German army in half by opening up a western front in Europe.
D Battle of the Bulge
What phrase is used to describe the extermination of 6 million Jews by Nazi Germany?
A The Holocaust
B The Manhattan Project
C Mein Kampf
D German Blitzkrieg
This is the tactic Germany used to take control of Europe quickly early in WWII.
A island hopping
B atomic bombing
C trench warfare
In 1939, the USA altered the Neutrality Acts to allow arm sales to Britain, but we did not provide loans nor did the USA offer to ship weapons to Britain on American ships. What was this program called?
A Cash and Carry
B Lend and Lease
C Carry and Lease
D Check into Cash
By allowing the United States to sell weapons using credit, loan weapons and supplies to the Allies, and transport the goods across the Atlantic Ocean, FDR called the United States "_____________________________"
A the Arsenal of Democracy
B the Cheerleader of Freedom
C the World's Peace Enforcer
D Hitler's Worst Nightmare
Hitler broke this agreement to never go to war with the Soviet Union
A Treaty of Versailles
B Soviet-Nazi Poland Division Treaty
C Treaty of Poland
D Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact
This longest serving U.S. President died of a stroke shortly before the end of WWII.
A Theodore Roosevelt
B Franklin D. Roosevelt
C Herbert Hoover
D Woodrow Wilson
This man was the leader of Germany during WWII
A Adolph Hiter
B Joseph Stalin
C Benito Mussolini
D Hideki Tojo
This law allowed the United States to sell and loan weapons and goods to Great Britain and the USSR and to transport the goods for them across the Atlantic Ocean for them.
A Cash and Carry
B Neutrality Act
C Lend-Lease Act
D Alien and Sedition Act
This man was the military dictator of Japan in WWII.
This photograph depicts women learning welding in the 1940s. It shows that women
A had achieved educational equality.
B were not allowed into academic institutions.
C were needed for the war effort in World War II.
D were treated as second-class citizens in America.
The United States financed (paid for) its efforts in World War II by
A printing more currency.
B increasing tariffs on imported goods.
C borrowing money from the Allied Powers.
D increasing tax rates and selling war bonds.
This photograph shows U.S. residents at an internment camp during World War II. These people are most likely
What role did "Rosie the Riveter" (seen here) play during World War II?
A to persuade women to fight for equal pay
B to persuade women to be as strong as men
C to encourage women to enter the workforce
D to encourage women to look after their families while husbands were away
While World War II raged outside of the United States, attempts were made in the U.S. to support the war effort by
A rationing consumer goods such as food and fuel.
B decreasing taxes to encourage civilian consumption.
C people giving up their homes to house soldiers stationed in that area.
D relocating persons of Italian-American descent living on the east coast.
Which statement BEST describes the Tuskegee Airmen (pictured here)?
A the first American pilots in the Civil War
B the first integrated combat unit in the U.S. Army.
C the first African-American mechanics in the Armed Services.
D the first African-American pilots in the U.S. Armed Forces.
This government organization directed factories in the United States to make certain weapons and material needed to win WWII.
A War Productions Board
B Office of Price Administration
C United States Armed Forces
This WWII era civil rights leader during World War II fought for equal pay for black workers and an end to segregation in the military.
A W.E.B. DuBois
B A. Phillip Randolph
C Booker T. Washington
D Marcus Garvey
Women working in war related industries caused a major rise in the need for
A daycare centers
C shopping malls
D hair-care products
This organization was created to entertain US troops overseas.
A Bob Hope Troop Extravaganza
B Entertainment Tonight
C The USO
D Disney's Hollywood Studios
During WWII, African Americans continued the _________________________, leaving the Jim Crow South in search of war-related jobs in the North and West Coast.
A Great Leaving
B Great American Journey
D Great Migration
During the Civil War, WWI, & WWII, African Americans fought in
A segregated units
B integrated units
C spaceships mounted with nuclear lasers
D giant robots given to us from time travelers
What was used by ordinary civilians to make sure there was enough goods, food and materials to ensure that the troops could win the war?
A installment plans
B charge cards
D ration stamps
How did World War II begin in Europe?
A Germany's invasion of Poland
B the sinking of the Lusitania
C the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor
D the assassination of an Austrian Archduke
Circle where Japan attacted on December 7, 1941.
President Franklin Roosevelt said that December 7, 1941, would "live in infamy" because on that day
A Germany invaded Poland.
B Japan bombed Pearl Harbor.
C France was invaded by Germany.
D Japan invaded the Philippines.
The "Manhattan Project" was the code name for the
A U.S. plan to invade Japan.
B German use of jet aircraft.
C Allied plan to invade Europe.
D U.S. plans to make an atomic bomb.
President Truman decided to use the atomic bomb on Japan in 1945 because
A he believed it would convince Hitler to surrender.
B it was the last hope the U.S. had of winning the war.
C Congress would not fund an invasion of the Japanese mainland.
D it would prevent hundreds of thousands of deaths that an invasion of Japan would cause.
The first atomic bomb ever dropped in warfare was dropped on the city of
President Harry Truman's motivation for droping the bomb would best be described as
A Revenge for Pearl Harbor
B Keeping the Soviet Union out of Japan
C Helping Japan recover from the war
D Saving Japanese civilian livers
What was the Allied strategy in the Pacific get around Japanese fortified islands in the Pacific?
A Island Hopping
B Defeat Tojo First
C Setting Sun Campaign
D Peace with honor
The United States had to take these two heavily fortified Japanese islands to get close enough to Japan to drop the atomic bomb or prepare for a land invasion of Japan.
A Taiwan and Korea
B Hong Kong and Iwo Jima
C Hong Kong and Taiwan
D Iwo Jima and Okinawa
Breaking with their isolationist foreign policy, the United States entered WWII
A because of the Japanese bombing of the navy at Pearl Harbor
B for revenge for the attack on the USS Maine
C to help the allies as a result of the Battle of Britain
D in response to the sinking of the Lusitania
The Battle of Midway was significant because it
A showed the military strength of the Axis Powers
B used trench warfare and poison gas
C was the turning point for the United States against Japan
D was the site in where the United States dropped the atomic bomb
What was the NOT a reason President Truman ordered the military to drop an atomic bomb on
Hiroshima in 1945?
A to prevent the USSR/Russians from helping defeat Japan
B to save American military lives
C to save Japanese civilian lives
D to send a message to Hitler and Mussolini that they need to surrender
What occurred at Los Alamos, New Mexico during World War II?
A the U.S. was in secret negotiations with Russia to end the war in the Pacific
B the U.S first tested the atomic bomb
C the U.S. developed its first aircraft carrier
D the U.S. constructed the first ever atomic bomb
At this conference, Truman warned Japan to surrender of face "complete and utter destruction"
A Tehran Conference
B Yalta Conference
C Potsdam Conference
D Los Alamos Conference
Which of these events occurred LAST?
A Germany invades Poland.
B Japan attacks Pearl Harbor.
C United States drops the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
D Italy invades Ethiopia
The creation of the military facility in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, in 1942 was for the purpose of
A housing German prisoners of war from the European front.
B relocating Japanese-Americans from California and Washington.
C constructing factories to make various weapons in World War II.
D the building of an atomic bomb.
Overall is a land invastion of Japan by American troops a positive or negative option? Why?
Overall is the Soviet Union declaring war on Japan a poistive or negative option. Why?
Overall, is demonstrating the bomb for Japan a positive or negative option? Why?
Overall, is negotiating a peace treaty with Japan a positive or negative option? Why?
Overall, is using the bomb to force an immediate end to the war a positive or negative option? Why?