A central reason why Florence became the birthplace of the Renaissance was due to:
its powerful feudal lords that dominated the nation’s politics.
the patronage of the arts from the wealthy.
the dominance of the Catholic Church and Pope’s power.
the plague’s destruction of the traditional education system.
Individualism can be best described as:
a renewed appreciation for living one’s life to the fullest.
an appreciation for studying Greek and Roman classical literature.
a departure from the spirit of the Renaissance, humanism.
an appreciation for each person’s unique talents and characteristics.
Artists of the Northern Renaissance improved upon the techniques of their Italian counterparts by
constructing paintings with even greater detail and realism.
intensifying the importance of Greco-Roman subject matter in their paintings.
painting nothing but Catholic imagery.
experimenting with two-dimensional landscape paintings.
Martin Luther’s central conflict with indulgences was:
that they represented actual forgiveness from God.
that they were simply a way for the Catholic Church to gain revenue.
that very few Christians actually believed in indulgences.
that the Catholic Church did not emphasize the importance of indulgences enough.
Reformers like Martin Luther, John Calvin, and Henry VIII were able to successfully protest and reform
Christianity during the Renaissance because:
all three men required by law that their people adopt their new faith.
all three men challenged British religious institutions.
their ideas were completely incorporated into Catholicism as a result of the Council of Trent
their ideas were presented during a time of greater emphasis on human reasoning.
Renaissance ideology was a motivating factor for European exploration because:
it provided a reason for nations to break from the Catholic Church.
explorers sought the name recognition and fortune that came with discovery and conquests.
foreign conquest would lead to greater religious diversity in Europe.
exploring foreign lands would help bring western technology to the developing world.
Which of the following is true of all three Muslim empires?
They all used sophisticated weaponry, some of which exceeded the strength of European weapons.
They all lacked strong central leadership.
They all neglected the arts, leaving the spectacular works of architecture for the western world.
They all followed orthodox Sunni Islam.
The Ottomans conquered the aging ___________ Empire.
Which of the following statements would an Ottoman agree with?
“Our empire has achieved great size due to the expertise of the janissaries.”
“Our empire has grown stronger due to our passionate orthodox Shia practices.”
“Our empire has lost a tremendous amount of territory to the Moguls.”
“Our empire has never produced any prized architectural masterpieces.”
Which of the following is FALSE regarding the Moguls?
The empire failed to achieve as much wealth as their Ottoman counterparts
They were known for their use of elephants in warfar
Horsemanship was very important to success of the Mogul armies.
Several shahs devoted government funding of extravagant architecture.
Which of the following correctly describes the beginnings of the Mogul Empire?
Ghazis, warriors for the faith, conquered small kingdoms and united them under Osman Bay.
Genghis Khan’s descendant Babur united a series of Muslim and Hindu kingdoms from the Middle East into the subcontinent of India.
The Moguls conquered the Eastern Roman Empire at Constantinople.
Nomadic warriors united the Arabian Peninsula, modern-day Iran and regions in Iraq.
The Ming dynasty rose to power because:
they traded with the Moguls and British East India Company, allowing them to gain economic strength.
three rulers unified Japan under a strong shogun and the period of “Great Peace” began.
of a peasant rebellion that overthrew the existing Mongol rule.
they left Manchuria and invaded the Mongols in the 1600s.
Under Emperor Ming Hong Wu, the Chinese instituted:
a nationwide school system that increased the education level of the country.
a hostage system that increase the control of shogun.
a strict social structure, reminiscent of European feudalism.
a policy of isolation from the outside world.
In Ming and Qing China, some young girls were subjected to foot binding because:
It would enable them to reach a higher political position in Chinese government.
It would help the girls’ parents arrange for an appropriate marital partner for their daughter.
It would help increase the family’s possibilities of reaching Heaven in the afterlife.
It would ensure that women held superior positions in society over men.
In Tokugawa Japan, the primary intention of the Hostage System was to:
Provide the Shogun with great control over his daimyo.
Provide the daimyo with a sense of shame.
Provide the samurai with education for battle and warfare.
Provide the daimyo with samurai to protect their land.
Which of the following would correctly describe the Tokugawa period in Japan:
A chaotic period of civil war that was never ending.
A confusing period in which no central leader was able to consolidate control over the land.
A peaceful period in which Japan maintained its traditional customs.
A period in which Japan modernized significantly due to its expansive trade with western nations such as the English, the Dutch, and the Portuguese.
During the time period of 1300-1700, the country of Korea became known as the Hermit Kingdom because
A strong military force that conquered the Manchu leaders of China.
An isolated, self-sufficient country that did not engage in international trade.
A territory of the Tokugawa emperor acquired during battle.
A country that suffered from European conquest & colonization.
The Age of Reason, or the Enlightenment, was a time period that challenged the current ______ beliefs of the time period the most.
political and scientific
economic and artistic
artistic and scientific
religious and social
The Catholic Church reacted negatively to Galileo’s studies because:
The Church was angry that Galileo was trying to spread Protestantism.
The Church was afraid that they would lose people’s trust in religious doctrine (teachings; policies)
The Church was worried that the population would believe in geocentric theory.
The Church was afraid that Galileo would try to take over the Church.
He encouraged public education, freedom of the press, and the natural rights of life, liberty, and the ownership of property.
Baron de Montesquieu
This man proposed separation of power within a government in the form of executive, legislative, and judicial powers.
Baron de Montesquieu
Which of the following statements best describes the connection between the Scientific Revolution
and the French Revolution?
The Enlightenment predated the Scientific Revolution, and is the reason why so many citizens wanted a government to rule in a systematic way.
Scientists from the Scientific Revolution were the people who developed the Revolution’s ideas of political and social justice.
Once people began to systematically study the natural world around them, they also began to apply these ideals to all aspects of life, such as government, justice, religion, and women’s rights.
The Scientific Revolution was inspired by ideas from the Italian Renaissance, when people began to
look back to Classical works in order to understand their world.
Salons and the social world of the Enlightenment led to its expansion because
they allowed absolute monarchs to keep Enlightenment ideals under the control of the government.
they brought artists, writers, aristocrats, government officials, and wealthy aristocrats together to
discuss Enlightenment ideas.
they were the factories where Enlightenment newspapers were produced so that ideas could be read
by a larger audience.
they prevented the spread of Enlightenment ideas by allowing philosophes to censor each other in
order to stop the spread of illegal ideas.
Which of the following correctly describes the French Estate System?
The First Estate was comprised of commoners, who also the poorest in France.
The Third Estate was composed of the bourgeoisie, wage earners, and farmers.
The First Estate was the nobility.
The Second Estate was the Catholic Clergy.
The French monarchy has drained the nation’s funds through all of the following EXCEPT:
Money spent on wars fought in North America, the French and Indian War and the American Revolution.
Money spent on private parties held for the royal family and their friends.
Money spent on building public housing for the poverty-stricken commoners.
Money spent on the expansion of royal homes, such as the palace of Versailles.
The Reign of Terror was a time period in which:
France was taken over by Great Britain, which frightened many citizens.
thousands of suspected “anti-revolutionaries” were executed by the guillotine.
Maximilien Robespierre called for the storming of the Bastille.
the French monarchy regained control of the nation and put revolutionaries to death.
Which of the following is FALSE regarding Napoleon Bonaparte?
He was born in Corsica, an island in the Mediterranean Sea.
He was known for his insightful military strategy in the French Revolution.
He was held as a political prisoner during the Reign of Terror.
He gave his wife Josephine the title of “Empress” after he became emperor.
Which of the following is FALSE regarding the contributing factors to the industrial movement of the 18th century?
The food supply declined as a result of cold weather and poor harvests throughout Europe.
The population grew, resulting in a larger labor force
Great Britain was the home to many rivers that could assist in the transport of raw materials
Entrepreneurs funnelled their financial resources into new business ventures
Complete the following sentence accurately: The invention of the ______(1)_______ was instrumental at fueling the advancement of the ____(2)____ and ___(3)___ industries during the first wave of industrialization.