Earth Systems Quiz #1
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by Dan LeGage
| 26 Questions
Note from the author:
Quiz
1
1
The breaking down or wearing away of earth materials is?
Earthquakes
Weathering
Erosion
Melting
2
1
The breaking down or wearing away of earth materials is?
Earthquakes
Weathering
Erosion
Melting
3
1
The movement of sediment is called...?
Erosion
Deposition
Carpooling
Weathering
4
1
The process of sediment being dropped off in a new location
deposition
erosion
weathering
cementation
5
1
Can be mechanical or chemical
weathering
erosion
deposition
bill nye
6
1

The Image shown is a result of:
Hurricane
Mudslide
Tornado
Earthquake
7
1


hurricane
mudslide
tornado
earthquake
8
1
All the water at and near the surface of the earth, 97% of which is in oceans
biosphere
cryosphere
hydrosphere
atmosphere
9
1
The continuous process by which water moves from Earth's surface to the atmosphere and back.
carbon cycle
erosion
water scycle
rock cycle
10
1
The process by which water changes from liquid form to an atmospheric gas (water vapor)
Traspiration
Evaporation
Evacuation
Photosynthesis
11
1
The process by which moisture is carried through plants  and is released to the atmosphere
Photosynthesis
Transpiration
Evaporation
Condensation
12
1
Physical change in matter from a gas to a liquid .
Evaporation
Respiration
Condensation
Freezing
13
1

Chemical weathering is typically caused by all of the following EXCEPT:
water
oxygen
acid rain
freezing/thawing
14
1
Are erosion and weathering dependent upon one another ?
No- they are separate events that occur independently.
Yes-they both need to occur for the cycle to continue.
15
1
Heat and pressure deep beneath the Earth's surface can change rock to this type of rock.
when water is stored underground
When water creates lakes
when precipitation flows into rivers and lakes
16
1
What is the process called that allows water to seep back into the Earth?
Discharge
Infiltration
Runoff
Condensation
17
1
Whats the difference between weathering and erosion?
They are the same thing
One is constructive
Weathering is breaking down, erosion is moving
Erosion is breaking down, weathering is moving
18
1
Which of the following is NOT one of the three types of rock?
Igneous
Metamorphic
Magma
Sedimentary
19
1
The rock cycle includes all of the steps EXCEPT which of the following?
magma or lava cools
Sediments melt deep beneath Earth’s surface.
Extreme heat and pressure form metamorphic rocks.
Rocks @ Earth's surface are broken down into smaller pieces.
20
1
What is correct order of the processes responsible for the formation of sedimentary rocks?
erosion, weathering, compaction, cementation, deposition.
compaction, cementation, deposition, weathering, erosion
deposition, cementation, compaction, erosion, weathering
weathering, erosion, deposition, compaction, cementation.
21
1
Which of the following weathering processes involves the constant freezing & thawing of water?
Unloading
exfoliation
Frost Wedging
spheroidal weathering
22
1
The water cycle is :
distribution of drinking water on Earth.
unending circulation of Earth’s water supply.
the recycling of water after industrial use.
the evaporation of water from Earth’s surface.
23
1
Balance in the water cycle means that
average annual rain over Earth ='s amount of H20 evaporates
water that falls to Earth only enters oceans.
faliing rain ='s same weight as condesnse clouds.
water evaporates from earth surface and then stays forever in atmosphere
24
1
Groundwater is found underground in the zone of:
aeration
porostiy
sediment
saturation
25
1
During a change in state, energy is transferred in the form of
motion
heat
moisture
light
26
0
Which of the following processes describes how vegetation influences precipitation?
Photosythesis
transpiration
evaporation
condensation
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