EOC Practice Test 1
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by Stephanie Foy
| 25 Questions
Note from the author:
Review of GSE Economics stardards
1
1
Complete the sentence. Stuctural unemployment occurs
every year and is related to weather or changes in demand for certain products.
when workers are short-term unemployed, or in the process of changing jobs.
when a downturn in the business cycle reduces the demand for workers.
over a period of three to five years and is related to changes in technology.
2
1
The federal government is concerned that the Consumer Price Index rose by 6% this year.  The federal government could
use monetary policies to decrease the money supply and cut unemployment rates.
use monetary policies to spend $40 billion in new projects and grants.
use fiscal policies to reduce government expenditures by $40 billion.
use fiscal policies to increase the money supply and cut unemployment rates.
3
1
Fiscal policy includes actions
by the Federal Reserve System to regulate the money supply.
by the federal government on spending and taxation.
by the judicial branch to determine government expenditures and taxation.
by individuals and states to regulate the money supply.
4
1
If the Federal Reserve buys Treasury securities on the open market at the same time that the federal government drastically increases spending, then
it is obvious both institutions thought the economy was on a peak.
aggregate demand is likely to increase.
the policies will cancel each other and there will be no change in the economy.
the business cycle will invert.
5
1
Monetary policy is the Federal Reserve's attempt to
decrease aggregate demand by increasing government spending.
stabilize the economy through controlling the money supply.
increase aggregate supply by increasing sales and property taxes.
stabilize the economy through controlling the money supply.
6
1
Suppose the downward sloping market demand curve for personal computers remains the same but new regulations reduce the ability of companies to efficiently produce and distribute computers.. The MOST likely result of this regulation is that
producers would produce more personal computers.
consumers would buy the same number of personal computers as they did before the price decreased.
consumers would buy fewer personal computers.
consumers would buy a greater number of personal computers.
7
1
When Apple purchased a large production facility in Silicon Valley, the company made a purchase in the
product market.
factor market.
foreign exchange market.
public market.
8
1
James and Kim decided to open a computer repair shop.  They used their own money and went to city hall to get a business license.  James repairs the computers and Kim serves the customers and handles the accounts.  What is the primary benefit of this company as it is structured?
high regulations
unlimited liability
double taxation
their ability to specialize
9
1
In which market structure does a firm have the LEAST control over its product's price?
monopolistic competition
perfect competition
monopoly
oligopoly
10
1
According to the circular flow model shown, the flow of goods and services is illustrated by paths
4 and 2
5 and 7
2 and 5
1 and 3
11
1
According to the production possibilities information, the opportunity cost of moving from point C to point B could be expressed as
50 capital goods.
60 consumer goods.
30 capital goods.
15 consumer goods.
12
1
In which economic system does the government centrally plan the allocation of productive resources?
market
traditional
mixed
command
13
1
One important assumption underlying market economies is that
government regulation increases economic freedom.
central planning promotes economic efficiency.
consumer sovereignty guides the use of resources.
society's wealth must be evenly distributed.
14
1
The main opportunity cost of saving money is
knowing you have more money saved than your friends.
the risk of the FDIC insurance.
the interest you could have earned.
current consumption.
15
1
A local grocery store has decided to charge customers for bags. Which TWO statements describe how customers will MOST LIKELY respond to this change?
Customers will purchase more goods.
Customers will bring reusable bags to the store.
Customers will exclusively use grocery delivery services.
Customers will buy more goods in bulk
Customers will visit the store more often.
Customers will shop at other grocery stores.
16
1
In country A, everyone pays a 10% income tax. This type of tax system is known as
regressive
sales
progressive
proportional
17
1
Eric has $2,000 that he wants to place in a savings account. He has researched two accounts, and both accounts pay 3.5% interest. Account X pays simple interest. Account Y pays compound interest. Eric should choose
account Y because the interest rate would decrease over time.
account Y because interest would accumulate on interest.
account X because it would pay tax free interest.
account X because the interest rate would increase over time.
18
1
Carlton is injured while working at a retail store. Which type of insurance is MOST LIKELY to provide benefits while he is temporarily out of work?
disability insurance
automobile insurance
life insurance
property insurance
19
1
Creditworthiness is MOST AFFECTED by
job history showing many different types of jobs.
payment history on current loans.
whether or not one owns a house.
the amount of funds currently available in a savings account.
20
1
Loans extended for longer periods of time often involve higher interest rates in order to
compensate the lender for greater risk.
encourage savings.
encourage consumers to buy durable goods for extended periods of time.
compensate the buyer for using savings to make a purchase.
21
1
Which group is MOST LIKELY to benefit if the US Dollar appreciates against the Yen?
Tourists traveling from Japan to the United States.
United States banks holding Japanese currency.
United States investors buying Japanese stock.
Japanese businesses with contracts to buy US goods.
22
1
Which trade barrier is associated with laws that require certain shipping methods and proper handling of food or equipment?
subsidies
embargoes
standards
quotas
23
1
Which generalization is the MOST accurate comparison of absolute advantage and comparative advantage?
A nation can have an absolute advantage without having a comparative advantage in production.
A nation can have either an absolute advantage or a comparative advantage in production, but not both.
A nation that has a comparative advantage will automatically have an absolute advantage in production.
A nation that has an absolute advantage will automatically have a comparative advantage in production.
24
1
If the United States has a balance of trade surplus with Belize, it means that
the U.S. exports more products to Belize than it imports from Belize.
the U.S. imports more products from Belize than it exports to Belize.
American companies are investing more in their operations in Belize than Belize is investing in the United States.
U.S. dollars are more valuable in Belize than the Belizian currency is in the U.S.
25
1
When nations specialize in the production of goods in which they possess a comparative advantage, which of the following is a result?
The nations become more self-sufficient and less interdependent.
The nations have an incentive to trade.
Consumers are hurt because prices will increase.
Economic efficiency is less likely to be achieved.
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