4th Grade Summative (TFA-2018)
| 50 Questions
Read the passage and answer questions 1-7.

1. Which sentence from the passage best supports the idea that sleep is important to learning?
a. Scientists have been trying to answer that question for hundreds of years.
b. The dreams give us a safe way to handle the events of our day.
c. Scientists think that their brains were trying to quickly memorize and organize this new information.
d. She asked her students to think about a problem they had before going to sleep.
2. A reader can tell that this passage is nonfiction because it
a. Explains something with factual information.
b. Is written with very short sentences.
c. Has words spoken by a character.
d. Is divided into several sections.
3. Which sentence from “Why Do We Dream?” contains a simile?
a. You are flying through the clouds.
b. Down below, the earth looks like a patchwork quilt.
c. The beautiful bird reaches out and shakes your arm.
d. You are back in your own bedroom.
4. Which statement in the article is an opinion?
a. Scientists have been trying to answer that question for hundreds of years.
b. One study showed that people learning new activities dreamed much more often.
c. Two-thirds of the students dreamed about their problems.
d. That must have been one scary nightmare!
5. In paragraph 2, the word theories means
a. ideas
b. plans
c. pictures
d. questions
6. The author most likely wrote this article to
a. Entertain the reader with stories about dreams.
b. Persuade the reader to keep a dream journal.
c. Inform the reader about the uses of dreams.
d. Describe to the reader how to keep a dream journal.
7. In paragraph 5, what caused the students to dream about a problem they had?
a. They thought about their problem before going to sleep.
b. They had kept a dream journal.
c. Their teacher told them to dream about their problem.
d. They were very worried before going to sleep.
Read the passage and answer questions 8-13.

8. What is a similarity between the narrator and Grandma as a girl?

a. They both needed to look up information.
b. They both asked their mom for help with homework.
c. They both had to type up reports about bears for school.
d. They both went to the library to check out books.
9. The reader can tell the story is written in first person because
a. The narrator uses her own name when speaking about herself.
b. The narrator speaks about a grandma
c. The narrator speaks from her own perspective using words like “I and me”
d. The narrator is not involved in the story
10. Computers are helpful to have in the library. What evidence from the text supports this statement?
a. Ben Vershbow runs the NYPL Labs.
b. You can use computers to go on the Internet or to write a paper.
c. The New York Public Library now has computers in every building.
d. The librarians will help if you have a question.
11. Why might the title refer to New York Public Library as “A New Kind of Library”?
a. Because the New York Public Library no longer has any books
b. Because the New York Public Library has been replaced by a different library
c. Because the New York Public Library is now available online, not just to people in New York
d. Because the New York Public Library has been different from the other libraries every since it opened in 1911
12. What theme is found in both “How Grandma Did Her Homework” and “A New Kind of Library”?
a. Things change over time
b. People should spend more time with books and less time with computers
c. Looking up information can be very interesting
d. Kids are learning to use computers
13. What does Grandma mean when she says “such progress” in paragraph 2?
a. She is getting homework done quickly
b. They Libraries have developed quickly
c. The ways of doing homework have changed for the better
d. The use of books is no longer needed
Read the passage and answer questions 14-18.

Read the dictionary definition for the word bear.
  1. To hold up, support a load
  2. Give birth to
  3. To be able to stand
  4. To produce by natural growth

Which definition best describes the word bear in line 8?
a. Definition 1
b. Definition 2
c. Definition 3
d. Definition 4
15. In which line of the poem does the narrator start to change her feelings of her sister?

a. Line 11
b. Line 12
c. Line 13
d. Line 14
16. What is the theme of this poem?

a. Family is very important
b. Doing the right thing is always best
c. Learn to be friends with your siblings
d. Learn to face your fears
17. The last stanza, lines 13 through 17, explains which of the following to the reader?

a. It introduces a conflict
b. It compares the events of the sister’s life
c. It shows that the reader relies on her sister’s friendship
d. It explains that the big sister is taller than the younger sister
18. What is the best way to summarize this poem?

a. A girl and her sister play together from a young age.
b. A girl does not like having to play with her little sister until she grows up and they become best friends.
c. A girl and her sister always play together.
d. Two sisters are forced to play together and are angry about it.
Read the passage and answer questions 19-23.

19. The author most likely wrote this passage
a. To inform the reader with details.
b. To persuade the reader with facts.
c. To entertain the reader with a story.
d. To share a personal experience with the reader.
20. Which sentence from the passage supports the statement, “These settlers did not have the same respect for the buffalo as the Native Americans”?

a. They want to protect them.
b. The herd is carefully protected.
c. Many of the settlers were trappers and traders
d. These settlers killed more than what they needed
21. Which sentence best summarizes paragraph 4 of “The American Buffalo”?

a. Settlers sold buffalo hides for money
b. Settlers hunted the buffalo for entertainment
c. Settlers did not know how many buffalo there were, and they almost hunted the buffalo out of existence
d. Settlers did not value the buffalo in the same way others did, which almost caused the buffalo to die out
22. Which statement from the passage is an opinion?

a. They hunted them for food and used their hides to create shelter and clothing.
b. It is a very impressive animal.
c. Soon there were only a few thousand of the American Buffalo left.
d. Many of the settlers were trappers and hunters.
23. What is one detail from paragraph 2 that supports the idea, “Many buffalo traveled to North America”?

a. This was quite a beautiful sight
b. It is recognized by its thin, dark brown, shaggy hair
c. The animals crossed a land bridge that once connected Asia to Alaska
d. Large herds of American buffalo were part of the landscape
Read the passage and answer questions 24-28.

24. Where does the second poem take place?
a. In the desert
b. In a small town
c. Inside a house
d. In a city

25. Based on the poem, why does the child most likely get wrapped in a comforter and cap? (Winter-Time)
a. He likes wearing a cap
b. It is cold outside
c. He is getting ready for bed
d. He is sick and needs another blanket

26. Read the following sentence: “At morning in the dark I rise; and shivering in my nakedness, by the cold candle, bathe and dress.” (Winter-Time)

What does the word shivering mean as used in the poem?
a. Dark
b. Cold
c. Early
d. Shaking

27. How are the poems “City Autumn” and “Winter-Time” similar?
a. They are about seasons.
b. In both of them, the weather is cold.
c. They have similar rhyming patterns.
d. All of the above.

28. Which type of figurative language is used in the first line of each poem?
a. Simile
b. Personification
c. Metaphor
d. Hyperbole
Read the passage and answer questions 29-32.

29. The reader can tell that Jordan’s friends care about her because
a. They know it’s her birthday
b. They buy her a gift
c. They come to her birthday party
d. They plan out a birthday surprise
30. This story is mostly about
a. How to plan a treasure hunt
b. A girl who wanted to be a pirate
c. Two kids planning a thoughtful surprise for their friend
d. Ideas for birthday parties
31. The theme of this story is
a. Birthday parties can be fun
b. It is good to do nice things for friends
c. Not all people might like surprises
d. Hunting for treasure is hard work
32. Where does this story take place?
a. Jordan’s backyard
b. Cameron’s backyard
c. At the park
d. Jordan’s school
You are awesome!!
Read the passage and answer questions 34-40.

34. Which detail from the text supports that the megalodon could not still exist (is extinct)?
a. No one has seen it.
b. No one has found any of its teeth recently shed, only the fossils
c. It never existed - it is a myth
d. It wouldn’t have anything to eat
35. Which of the following statements is NOT true?
a. The Megalodon grew to be twenty feet.
b. Megalodon teeth could be seven inches long
c. The Megalodon was a shark that lived in the Cenozoic Era
d. The Megalodon’s jaw was nine feet tall and eleven feet wide.
36. Why do people believe Loch Ness exists?
a. It looks like a dinosau
b. Scientists found its fossils
c. People have heard stories, seen photographs, and detected a large object with sonar
d. People took an underwater photograph of the monster
37. In paragraph 4 of Legend of Loch Ness, what does the word skeptic mean?
a. Someone who believes a hoax
b. Photographers who take pictures for newspapers
c. People who tell stories
d. Someone who doubts what many others believe
38. How does the photograph in Legend of Loch Ness help support the passage?
a. It shows how large Nessie really was.
b. It shows evidence that made people really believe Nessie was real.
c. It shows Nessie’s flippers.
d. It shows how large the lake, Loch Ness, really was.
39. What can the reader conclude about the Megalodon after reading both texts?
a. It lived after the Plesiosaur did
b. It was as large and people believed Loch Ness was
c. The Megalodon probably ate Nessie
d. Nessie was not a myth, but Megalodon was
40. How are the ideas in both texts organized?
a. Through compare and contrast to show the differences of the sea monsters
b. By cause and effect to show why they are both extinct
c. With descriptions of the evidence people have of the creatures
d. As a problem/solution to show how people found them still living
Read the passage and answer questions 41-50.

41. What caused the protesters to come to Town hall in paragraph 9?
a. They wanted a law to be made to put another circus in town
b. They wanted a law to be made that all townspeople had to learn to juggle correctly
c. They wanted all of the copycat jugglers to learn how to juggle correctly
d. They wanted juggling to be banned as it was becoming dangerous in the town
"People from far away came to see the street performers. All seemed well and good, but with the juggler’s popularity came copycats.”

42. This shows that the town was becoming
a. Feared
b. Famous
c. Scary
d. Friendly
43. What main problem does Mayor Arnold face?
a. People are complaining about the jugglers, and she doesn’t know what to do
b. Donald Seastrunk is hit in the head by a juggler’s stray bowling pin
c. She holds imaginary conversations with the golden cat statue in her office
d. The jugglers might sue the city if they were fined for disturbing the peace
44. While many people are happy to live in a famous town, not everyone is happy about the jugglers. What evidence from the passage supports this conclusion?
a. The biggest newspaper in the state capital writes an article about the jugglers
b. Excited crowds gather around the skilled jugglers outside the movie theater
c. Donald Seastrunk leads a crowd in an anti-juggler protest
d. Donald Seastrunk is hit in the head by a bowling pin
Read the following sentences:

“The mayor chewed her pen. She tapped her food furiously. She sighed so strongly that important documents blew off her desk, and this made her sigh again.”

45. Based on this description, how is Mayor Arnold most likely feeling?
a. Inspired
b. Upbeat
c. Lonely
d. Frustrated
46. How will the influence of Donald Seastrunk effect Mayor Arnold’s decision about the jugglers?
a. He was excited that the jugglers were switching to bowling pins
b. He tried to convince the mayor to bring more jugglers to the town
c. He was hit with a bowling pin
d. He is bringing an angry crowd to protest at Town Hall
47. What is this story mostly about?
a. How Mayor Arnold makes decisions
b. Problems caused by jugglers in town
c. The dangers of increased numbers of copycat jugglers
d. The routines performed by skilled jugglers
Read the following sentence:
“Winking and smiling, the jugglers performed astonishing feats: dozens of balls in the air at once; nifty, behind the back and through the legs tricks; even juggling blindfolded.”

48. What does the word “astonishing” mean as used in this sentence?
a. Unsurprising
b. Realistic
c. Colorful
d. Amazing
49. Which statement from the text contains a simile?
a. Whole silk vests were as blue as the sky
b. Juggling copycats blundered through their simple routines
c. Mayor Marjorie Arnold sighed at her desk
d. The juggling problem came to a head one May morning
50. The author most likely wrote about this text to
a. Inform the reader about a town with jugglers
b. Entertain the reader with a story about jugglers coming to town
c. Persuade the reader to not partake in juggling
d. Entertain the reader with facts about juggling
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