Plants
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by Johanna Diaz Millet
| 13 Questions
Note from the author:
General Biology EOC Review
1
1
What is the main function of leaves?
Provide support for growth and a place to store food
Provide a place for photosynthesis to occur
Absorb water and minerals and transport nutrients to the stem
Create a barrier that prevents water in the plant's tissues from evaporating
2
1
_____________ releases carbon dioxide and water, which plant cells use to make glucose (sugar).
photosynthesis
transpiration
cellular respiration
reproduction
A stoma (plural stomata) is a tiny opening or pore that is used for gas exchange. They are mostly found on the undersurface of plant leaves.
3
1
Which structure in the leaf controls the opening and closing of the stomata?
cuticle
epidermis
guard cells
spongy mesophyll
4
1
Which of the following is responsible for transporting water and nutrients from the roots to the leaves?
ground tissue
phloem
cambium
xylem
5
1
The __________ is the male part of the flower.
stigma
pistil
sepal
stamen
6
1
What part of the flower traps pollen to fertilize the ovary?
anther
style
stigma
sepal
Take a look at the following illustration of Sexual Reproduction in Plants. Then, answer the 2 questions below.
7
1
Which of the following is represented by the letter B?
sperm nuclei
anther
embryo
egg
8
1
Which of the following is represented by the letter D?
sperm nuclei
anther
embryo
egg
9
1
The main difference between xylem and phloem is that xylem transports water and phloem transports food.
True
False
10
1
The loss of water from a plant in the form of water vapor is called ____________________. Water escapes through the stomata of leaves.
cellular respiration
transpiration
germination
tropism
11
1
Cells in _____________ tissue divide and produce all of the new cells in a plant.
ground
meristematic
dermal
vascular
Use the image below to answer the following 2 questions.
12
1
____________ tissue protects the soft tissues of plants, mostly on leaves. It secretes the cuticle, a waxy layer that covers the leaf and prevents water loss.
ground
meristematic
dermal
vascular
13
1
____________ tissue includes three cell types of different functions: parenchyma, collenchyma, and sclerenchyma. The major cells of this tissue are parenchyma cells, which funtion in photosynthesis and nutrient storage.
ground
meristematic
dermal
vascular
Draw the following flower on your desk. Then, label each part using the word bank below:

Word Bank:
anther, ovule, petal, pollen tube, xylem, sepal, style, filament, vascular bundles, receptacle, cambium, ovary, stigma, stamen, pistil, leaf, stem, phloem
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