Text Structure - I can identify and explain the text structure of a non-fictional text.
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by Darcie Oppenheimer
| 7 Questions
1
1
What is the text structure for the article below?

Get into the Loop!
Did you ever wonder what happens to the aluminum cans you recycle? Weekly Readerwatched a recycling center in action at the Garbage Museum in Stratford, Connecticut. Here's the steps to recyclying alumimun cans.

1. Sort and Separate

Trucks drop off aluminum cans that are mixed with massive loads of plastic bottles and glass. The trash travels along conveyor belts to be sorted and separated.

2. Compress the Mess.

Machines compress aluminum cans into giant bales.

3. Close the Loop.

The bales are sold to companies that turn the recycled cans into something usable. From recycled aluminum cans, more cans are made. When you buy recycled products, you "close the loop."

Do Your Bit—Reuse and Recycle!

Each American throws away about 5 pounds of garbage each day. Earth Day, April 22, reminds people how important it is to reduce waste. Here are some ways:
  • Carry a lunch box instead of a paper lunch bag, and pack food in reusable containers.
  • Use both sides of a sheet of paper.
  • Donate old clothing and toys to a charity.
  • Make a compost pile using food scraps, leaves, and grass clippings. Composting is nature's way of recycling. Plants and other wastes decompose, or rot, and nourish the soil.
  • Recycle plastic and glass bottles and jars, newspapers, and aluminum cans. Recycling just one aluminum can will save enough energy to run your TV for three hours!

Main Idea
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2
3
Using text evidence, describe how you determined the text structure. Tell how the text structure of this passage helps the writer present their ideas.



3
1
What is the text structure for the article below?

American Revolution

Life in the colonies was changing. Roads had been built connecting the cities. The colonies were trading with one another more. People and ideas were moving along with goods. These changes resulted in making the ties among the colonists stronger. They were beginning to feel more American than British.

Then, in 1765, the British passed the Stamp Act. It was one of the taxes that the British were using to help pay for their war with France.

As a result, the colonists were furious. It wasn't only the money, although times were hard. They were angry because they hadn't voted for this tax. The colonists believed that only representatives they chose could ask them to pay taxes. The colonists said there could be "no taxation with representation."

And so the first step toward the American Revolution began over a fight about taxes.

Colonists refused to pay the stamp tax. Some people boycotted, or refused to buy, British goods or enter any store that carried British goods.


Description
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Cause / Effect
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4
3
Using text evidence, describe how you determined the text structure. Tell how the text structure of this passage helps the writer present their ideas.


5
1
What is the text structure for the article below?

American Revolution

At the end of the French and Indian War, the British government needed money. They decided to raise money through a series of taxes on the American colonies. In March 1765, the Stamp Act was passed. After much protest, the act was repealed in March 1766. Then in June of 1767, the Townshend Acts were passed, which placed import taxes on paint, glass, lead, paper, and tea. Following these new taxes, protests spread throughout the colonies. Finally, in April 1770, the Townshend Acts were repealed. All taxes on imports were repealed except for tea. Then in May 1773, the Tea Act took effect. This kept the tax on tea. Colonists felt these taxes were not fair because their representatives had not voted on them.


Problem / Solution
Compare / Contrast
Cause / Effect
Sequence / Order
Description
6
3
Using text evidence, describe how you determined the text structure. Compare and contrast the paragraphs called American Revolution. Tell how the text structure of each passage helps the writers present their ideas.



7
1
Read the passage below. Identify the text structure. Create a graphic organizer for this text structure and fill it out with information from the text.

Wild chimpanzees are rapidly disappearing. Some people are trying to solve this problem. Otherwise, chimpanzees may one day exist only in zoos. People are trying to save the rain forests and woodlands where the chimps live from being being cut down. It will take many people working together to solve this problem.

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