Cycling of Matter and Flow of Energy 2018 cloned 3/14/2019
starstarstarstarstarstarstarstarstarstar
by Laura Romesberg
| 40 Questions
1
1
Which of these consumers is a herbivore?
A Lion
B Deer
C Spider
D Snake
2
1
Consumers that eat both plants and animals are called
A Omnivores
B Herbivores
C Carnivores
D Scavengers
3
1
If a snake eats a mouse that eats grass, the snake is a(n)
A Producer
B Second-level consumer
C First-level consumer
D Decomposer
4
1
The many overlapping food chains in an ecosystem make up a(n)
A Food web
B Niche
C Energy Pyramid
D Feeding Level
5
1
A diagram that shows the amount of energy that moves from one feeding level to another in a food web is called a(n)
A Food chain
B Energy pyramid
C Ecosystem
D Niche
6
1
An organism that can make its own food is called a
A Consumer
B Decomposer
C Producer
D Scavenger
7
1
Vultures, which feed on the bodies of dead organisms, are
A First-level consumers
B Scavengers
C Producers
D Herbivores
8
1
The first organism in a food chain is always a(n)
A consumer
B herbivore
C carnivore
D producer
9
1
Which of the following organisms on the food web shown above is a primary consumer?
A owl
B rabbit
C frog
D green plants
10
1
Rabbits survive on grass and other plants. What does this tell you about rabbits?
A They are producers
B They are secondary consumers
C They are tertiary consumers
D They are primary consumers
11
1
Through what process do plants create their own energy-rich molecules (sugars)?
A Water cycle
B Photosynthesis
C Chemosynthesis
D Ultraviolet Radiation
12
1
Why do food webs always start with producers?
A There are so many producers everywhere.
B Predators eat producers.
C Producers can absorb the sun's energy to make food.
D Producers are healthiest to eat.
13
1
In what way does plant nutrition differ from human nutrition? Choose the best answer.
A Plants make their own nutrients; humans must consume theirs.
B Plant nutrition consists mainly of protein; human nutrition consists mainly of carbohydrates.
C Plants absorb their nutrients from the soil; humans get theirs from food.
D Plants cannot make their own food; humans can.
14
1
What is chlorophyll?
A A strong acid found only in plant cells.
B A strong base found in plant and animal cells.
C A green pigment that absorbs light energy.
D An organelle in plant and animal cells.
15
1
Chlorophyll traps energy from sunlight and stores it as what kind of energy?
A Kinetic energy
B Heat energy
C Color Energy
D Chemical Energy
16
1
As you move up the energy pyramid, the amount of energy available will
A incease
B decrease
C stay the same
D go up and down depending on the amount of food available
17
1
Food webs are more realistic models than food chains because
A Producers are often eaten by more than one type of consumer
B Consumers are often eaten by more than one type of predator
C Prey often face more than one type of predator
D All of the above
18
1
In most food chains, all of the energy originally comes from
A Plants
B Dead matter that's been recycled by decompers
C Heat from deep within the earth
D the sun
19
1
In an ecosystem, there are always more
A Herbivores than carnivores
B Predators than prey
C Animals than plants
D Heterotrophs than autotrophs
20
1
Where can you find carbon?
A Only in Earth's atmosphere
B Insdie all water molecules
C Inside the sun
D Inside every living thing on Earth
21
1
Choose the 1 choice that correctly matches a vocabulary word with its definition
A herbivores eat plants or animals; omnivores eat only plants; carnivores eat mostly animals
B herbivores eat only plants; omnivores eat plants and animals; carnivores eat mostly animals
C herbivores eat only animals; omnivores eat only animals; carnivores eat mostly animals
D herbivores eat only plants; omnivore eat only plants; carnivores eat mostly plants
22
1
If the population of trees were destroyed due to deforestation (removal of forest by humans) what is the most likely outcome of this food chain? Use the image above to help.
A The population of primary consumers (herbivores) would decrease in number.
B The population of primary consumers (herbivores) would increase in number.
C The population of primary and secondary consumers would increase.
D The populations in this food chain would stay exactly the same.
23
1
In a marine food chain, small fish eat plankton, big fish eat small fish, and sharks eat big fish. Which organism has the smallest population?
A the plankton
B the small fish
C the big fish
D the sharks
24
1
Photosynthetic organisms are called autotrophs. True or false?
A True
B False
25
1
How do decomposers help plants and other organisms in a food chain?
A Decomposers make their own food through photosynthesis, starting the food chain
B Decomposers return nutrients to the soil
C Decomposers eat plants, which are eaten by animals
D Decomposers are at the end of the food chain so do not help other organisms
26
1
What trophic level has heterotrophs
A only the first level
B only the second level
C only the last level
D all except the first
27
1
Matter can enter an ecosystem at any level and can leave at any level.
True
False
28
1
Energy is constantly recycled through an ecosystem.
True
False
29
1
How is the carbon cycle similar to the water cycle?
A Both involve liquid substances falling to Earth from the atmosphere
B Neither process works at low temperatures
C Both involve the transfer of substances between animals, plants, and the earth
D Both involve the transfer of substances between the earth and outer space
30
1
How do animals add carbon dioxide to the atmosphere?
A Through breathing
B Through evaporation
C Through photosynthesis
D Through transpiration
31
1
What organisms in the ocean absorb carbon dioxide?
A Algae
B Whales and dolphins
C Fish
D Coral
32
1
How does carbon become locked inside the earth?
A Tree roots expel carbon into the soil as they grow
B Humans use machines to pump carbon dioxide into large underground tanks
C Rocks become richer in carbon as times goes on
D The carbon-rich bodies of plants and animals decay into the earth after they die
33
1
What can you infer from the fact that there is the same amount of water on the planet now as there was one billion years ago?
A The total amount of water on earth changes gradually over time.
B There will probably be the same amount of water on the planet a billion years from now.
C There have been many fluctuations in the water cycle over the last billion years.
D There will be much less water on earth one billion years from now.
34
1
Which type of energy is not one that comes from chemical energy after photosynthesis?
A mechanical
B potential
C kinetic
D radiant
35
1
On average, how much energy is passed from one trophic level to the next?
A 5%
B 10%
C 50%
D 90%
36
1
Look at the food chain above. Which organism should go in the first box (top left)?
A Lizard
B plant
C mushroom
D grasshopper
37
1
Look at the food chain above. Which organism should go in the box at the bottom?
A lizard
B plant
C mushroom
D grasshopper
38
1
Where would you likely find a chemoautotroph? Chemoautotrophs would most likely be in an ecosystem without __________________.
39
1
Which things belong in the boxes in the image above? Select all that apply.
light energy
carbon dioxide
oxygen
sugar
water
soil
heat energy
40
1
Tell me something you learned for this unit but it wasn't on the test. (Or tell me more about something that was already asked on this test.)
Add to my formatives list

Formative uses cookies to allow us to better understand how the site is used. By continuing to use this site, you consent to the Terms of Service and Privacy Policy.