Metabolism Quiz jep7
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by Wayland Lee
| 19 Questions
1
1
Mya eats pasta for lunch. Pasta is made of mostly starch molecules. For this to be useful to her cells, Mya's digestive system needs to break these starch molecules into:
Glucose
Amino Acids
Oxygen
Fats
2
1
Jack eats fish for dinner. Fish is high in protein molecules. After two hours, Jack's digestive system broke many of these proteins down into:
Glucose
Amino Acids
Oxygen
Fats
3
1
Juan went to see the doctor because he felt tired throughout the day. His doctor ran tests and found that he had low iron levels and fewer red blood cells than average. His doctor recommended that he takes iron pills and eats iron-rich foods, such as spinach. What medical condition does Joey have?
Anemia
Asthma
Diabetes
Pancreas Injury
4
1
Yasmin went to the doctor and had her blood tested. The doctor told her that her blood sugar (glucose) level was much higher than normal. What medical condition does Lucy have?
Anemia
Asthma
Diabetes
Pancreas Injury
5
1
Matt has constant stomachaches and diahrrea after he eats. Medical tests showed that his digestive system is not breaking down food (starch and protein) properly. The doctor told him to take medicine containing enzymes, which help his body break down food properly. What medical condition does Matt have?
Anemia
Asthma
Diabetes
Pancreas Injury
6
1
Lupe has been complaining to her P.E. teacher that she feels tired and out of breath when exercising. Her doctor ran some tests and found that her oxygen levels are lower than normal, but her red blood cell count is average. What medical condition does Lupe have?
Anemia
Asthma
Diabetes
Pancreas Injury
7
1
Which one is TRUE about starch and protein molecules?
Starch and protein molecules can go easily into cells.
Red blood cells transport protein, but NOT starch into cells.
Starch and protein molecules need to be attached to an oxygen molecule to enter a cell.
They are too large to go into a cell directly.
8
1
The body system that transports molecules to all of the cells in the body is called the:
Cellular System
Circulatory System
Digestive System
Respiratory System
9
1
The body system that takes in food and breaks it down into smaller pieces is the:
Cellular System
Circulatory System
Digestive System
Respiratory System
10
1
The body system that brings in air and gets rid of carbon dioxide is called:
Cellular System
Circulatory System
Digestive System
Respiratory System
11
1
Chris eats a turkey sandwich. Starting at the mouth, what is the path that the molecules take through the body?
Mouth --> Respiratory System --> Digestive System --> Circulatory System --> Cells
Mouth --> Circulatory System --> Digestive System --> Cells
Mouth --> Digestive System --> Circulatory System --> Cells
Mouth --> Respiratory System --> Circulatory System --> Digestive System --> Cells
12
1
You are a doctor for the space program. How can you make sure that the astronauts' bodies work well enough to exercise in space?
You could make sure that the astronauts' bodies can make enough energy by getting enough sleep every night.
You could make sure the astronauts' stomachs are getting the molecules they need from food and air.
You could make sure the astronauts' cells are getting the molecules they need from food and air.
You could make sure the astronauts' cells are getting different types of molecules from their food.
13
1
Jamal has been feeling tired a lot. He ate a meal of rice before seeing his doctor. Rice is made of mostly starch molecules. Medical tests found that Jamal's cells contained normal levels of oxygen and low levels of glucose. Does this explain why Jamal has been feeling tired?
Yes, Jamal's respiratory system is working, but his digestive system is not turning the oxygen into glucose.
Yes, Jamal's respiratory system is working, but his digestive system is not breaking down starch molecules into glucose for his cells.
Yes, Jamal's digestive system is working, but his respiratory system has too much oxygen, so his body stopped making energy.
No, something else must be wrong with Jamal because his cells have all the molecules that they need.
Select the vocabulary word that would best fit each sentence.
14
1
Foods that come from plants, like bread, potatoes, and rice, are made up of mostly large molecules called ________.
Amino Acid
Atom
Cell
Glucose
Metabolism
Molecule
Oxygen
Protein
Starch
15
1
A person's ___________ describes how their body breaks down molecules and makes energy for itself.
Amino Acid
Atom
Cell
Glucose
Metabolism
Molecule
Oxygen
Protein
Starch
16
1
_______(s) are the smallest possible living things. They can also make up other, larger living things. They can do everything that is required for life.
Amino Acid
Atom
Cell
Glucose
Metabolism
Molecule
Oxygen
Protein
Starch
17
1
An important molecule in our body is _________. It is a sugar molecule and can be used for energy.
Amino Acid
Atom
Cell
Glucose
Metabolism
Molecule
Oxygen
Protein
Starch
18
1
_________ molecules travel through the mouth, through the respiratory system, into the circulatory system, then into the cells of the body.
Amino Acid
Atom
Cell
Glucose
Metabolism
Molecule
Oxygen
Protein
Starch
19
4
This is a model of a healthy patient. There are three mistakes in the picture above. Identify the three mistakes and explain them. Write in complete sentences.


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