Climate Factors
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by Kristin Gauthier
| 26 Questions
Note from the author:
Review of climate factors
Part 1: Multiple Choice
1
2
What climate zone receives the most direct sunlight all year long?
Tropical Zone
Subtropical Zone
Temperate Zone
Polar Zone
2
2
What climate zone experiences all four seasons most significantly?
Tropical Zone
Subtropical Zone
Temperate Zone
Polar Zone
3
2
What climate zone has the coldest temperatures on average all year long?
Tropical Zone
Subtropical Zone
Temperate Zone
Polar Zone
4
2
What climate zone receives the least amount of direct sunlight?
Tropical Zone
Subtropical Zone
Temperate Zone
Polar Zone
5
2
What climate zone receives the most amount of direct sunlight in the SUMMER?
Tropical Zone
Subtropical Zone
Temperate Zone
Polar Zone
Part 2: Identify the correct climate factor that is described in each question.
6
2
The ocean heats up slower than land. When air heats above land, it rises and cooler air above the ocean moves onto the land, creating a cool sea breeze and keeping temperatures lower.
Surface of the Earth
Latitude
Mountain Ranges - Rain Shadow
Prevailing Global Winds
Elevation
7
2
The equator receives direct sunlight and causes areas around the equator to be warm all year long. The poles receive less direct sunlight and cause these areas to be cooler all year long.
Surface of the Earth
Latitude
Mountain Ranges - Rain Shadow
Prevailing Global Winds
Elevation
8
2
The higher you are above sea level, the less air molecules there will be. This results in cooler temperatures at high altitudes and warmer temperatures near sea level.
Surface of the Earth
Latitude
Mountain Ranges - Rain Shadow
Prevailing Global Winds
Elevation
9
2
Mountains act as a barrier for moisture. When clouds move from the ocean towards the mountains, the air rises quickly and cools, resulting in precipitation. This causes more rain to fall on one side of the mountain and drier air to move to the other side of the mountain.
Surface of the Earth
Latitude
Mountain Ranges - Rain Shadow
Prevailing Global Winds
Elevation
10
2
As the air at the equator is heated, it expands and moves towards the colder poles. Cold air at the poles moves towards the equator. This happens all year long due to unequal heating of the Earth’s surface.
Surface of the Earth
Latitude
Mountain Ranges - Rain Shadow
Prevailing Global Winds
Elevation
Part 3: Use the Map to answer each question below.
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11
2
What climate factor is causing F to get more rain than G?

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Latitude
Rain Shadow
Surface of the Earth
Elevation
12
2
What area would you expect to be colder, B or C? Explain your reasoning.
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13
2
What climate zone would area A fall into?
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Tropical
Subtropical
Temperate
Polar
14
2
What area would have a colder climate, C or E? Explain your reasoning.
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15
2
What area would be colder, C or G? Explain your reasoning.
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16
2
What climate zone is area B in?
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Tropical
Subtropical
Temperate
Polar
17
2
Identify one letter on the map that would be affected by a rain shadow.
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D
E
B
F
18
2
Identify one letter on the map that would be affected by a elevation
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.
C
E
F
G
19
2
What climate zone would most of New Jersey be considered?
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Tropical
Subtropical
Temperate
Polar
20
2
What area on the map might experience a cool sea breeze?
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C
G
B
A
Part 4: Identify each example as an example of weather or climate.
Remember, weather is the change of weather based on the current conditions of the atmosphere while climate is the average expectations of the weather based on data collected over 30 years.
21
1
It is sunny ouside.
Weather
Climate
22
1
Winter is cold.
Weather
Climate
23
1
The breeze is causing temperatures to feel like -2 degrees Fahrenheit.
Weather
Climate
24
1
Today has a high temperature of 70 degrees Fahrenheit.
Weather
Climate
25
1
The months of July and August are expected to have the highest average temperatures in the state of New Jersey.
Weather
Climate
Part 6: Short Answer. Use complete sentences to answer the question below. Use the diagram to help you formulate your answer.
26
5
Use the diagram below to explain how Earth is unequally heated and why that unequal heating causes the movement of air molecules in the atmosphere.
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