Unit 2 Explorers Test
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by Lisa Prado
| 28 Questions
1
1
How did travel by sea change by the 1400's?
A. It became much cheaper.
B. It became more dangerous.
C. It was limited to the Atlantic Ocean.
D. It was improved by new technologies.
2
1
Which of the following was NOT a goal of European exploration?
A. finding new trade routes.
B. controlling new lands.
C. ending the Reconquesta.
D. establishing colonies.
3
1
Name two present-day cities founded by the Dutch.
A. New York and Albany
B. Boston and Albany
C. Buffalo and New York
D. New Amsterdam and Fort Orange
4
1
Which countries claimed land in the Americas?
A. Spain, Portugal, Russia and China
B. the Netherlands, Sweeden, Spain, France, China
C. Spain, Germany, France, Belgium
D. Spain, Portugal, France, England, the Netherlands, Sweeden and Russia
5
1
Colonists often built settlements near the sea or along rivers because
A. their charters required this location
B. this offered protection against attacks
C. the weather was usually better
D. it made transporting people and supplies easier.
6
2
Why did European traders begin to travel to Asia by sea?

7
2
Name two tools that improved sailing AND explain why they were important.
8
2
What was the Northwest Passage?
9
2
Name the areas that each of the following countries settled in the New World: Spain, France and Portugal.
VOCABULARY
Directions: Write the correct vocabulary word under the definition from the word bank below.
Spelling counts so type it correctly!!!

Word Bank

settlement convert charter emperor circumnavigation slavery mission

tributary reform colony cartographer navigation magnetic compass longitude

expedition entrepreneur astrolabe trading post
10
1
a tool that shows north
11
1
to change
12
1
a long and organized trip
13
1
a person who starts a business
14
1
an area ruled by a distant country
15
1
a tool that sailors use stars and the sun to find their way
16
1
a place set up by a relgious group to teach native people
17
1
a person who makes maps or charts
18
1
a science used by sailors to find their place and place their route
19
1
a place to trade goods
20
1
the practice of owning people and making them work without pay
21
1
when a river flows into a larger river or lake
22
1
to change someone's relgious beliefs
23
1
a place to live set up in a new area
24
1
the act of sailing around something
25
1
a distance north or south of the equator, measure in degrees
26
1
the ruler of an empire
27
1
an official document from an authority to do something
28
1
a distance east or west of the prime meridian, measured in degrees
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