Midterm Benchmark
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by Angelica Garcia
| 50 Questions
Note from the author:
Midterm Benchmark
1
1
Where did many of the ideas stated in the Declaration of Independence and in the Constitution come from?
Renaissance Scholars
Enlightened philosophers
American Revolutionary Soldiers
The Articles of Confederation
2
1
Whose concepts did Jefferson draw upon as he drafted the Declaration of Independence?
John Locke's
Benjamin Franklin's
Samuel Adam's
Marquis de Lafayette's
3
1
What was the difference between the federalists and anti-federalists?
Federalists wanted a strong central government; anti-Federalists wanted more power to the states
Federalists wanted power to the President; anti-Federalists wanted more power to the Congress
Federalists wanted a Bill of Rights; Anti-Federalists wanted a Constitution
Federalists wanted Washington as the first president; anti-Federalists wanted Hamilton
4
1
What is Popular Soveriegnty?
The most votes wins
The a majority wins
Power comes from the consent of the people
Population in the states is of primary importance
5
1
The case of Marbury v. Madison established?
Popular Sovereignty
Separation of Powers
Civil Liberties
Judicial Review
6
1
What event made people realize that the Articles of Confederation were too weak?
Purchase of Louisiana
Marbury v. Madison
The Constitution was written
Shay's Rebellion
7
1
Which best defines the idea of natural rights?
Individuals' duties to their government
The economic interests of the people
A government's powers over its citizens
Rights belonging to all people because they are human
8
1
Why was the Bill of Rights added to the Constitution?
To protect personal liberties
To make the Constitution flexible
To make all citizens equal under the law
To limit the power of the judicial branch
9
1
What was the important result of the Dred Scott Supreme Court case?
It gave Dred Scott important civil rights he had been denied
It began the Civil war
Many white Southerners refused to accept equal rights for blacks
African Americans did not hold office at the state or local level
10
1
After the Civil War, why did new Republican governments in the South have difficulty?
African Americans resented inteference from Norther Carpetbaggers
Slavery remained in force in several Southern states
Many white Southerners refused to accept equal rights for blacks
African Americans did not hold office at the state or local level
11
1
Which organization helped blacks in the south (with food, education, and legal aid) after the Civil War?
Southerners for a Better Tomorrow
Ku Klux Klan
Jim Crow
Freedmen's Bureau
12
1
What was a major failure of Reconstruction?
The South's cottton production never recovered
War Debts remained unpaid
Racist attitudes continued in the North and South
No African Americans were voted into Congress
13
1
According to the theory of Social Darwinism, what should the government do for the poor?
Nothing
Protect their rights
Raise taxes on the rich
Force the rich to give aid to the poor
14
1
Why did immigrants often support political machines?
They were free of corruption
They provided jobs for them
They put powerful "bosses" out of business
They fought crime against crime in the slums
15
1
Public school played an important role in
Teaching religion
Helping immigrant children assimilate
Training women for the work place
Decreasing literacy
16
1
In general, what were strikes like at the beginning of the Industrial Revolution?
Large gains by labor in achieving their goals
Nonviolent, peaceful attempts by labor to make their needs known
Significant governmental support of labor
Few gains by labor in achieving their goals
17
1
Which best describes the philosophy of the Social Gospel Movement?
Teaching religion
It is acceptable to do whatever you must to get ahead in business
Religion should help the poor in the community
The poor should not be helped becasue they are weak
18
1
Why was the building of the Panama Canal important?
Helped stabilize the economies of Latin American countries
Improved relations between Colombia and the United States
Facilitated movement between Atalantic and Pacific ports
Promoted European investements in the United States
19
1
The Monroe Doctrine declared that the United States would?
Stop trade with Latin American nations
Intervene in conflicts between Europe and Asia
Stop European colonization of Latin America
Reduce U.S. involvement in Latin America and Asia
20
1
Sensational journalism that is baseed on emotion and propaganda was called?
Stylistic Journalism
Yellow Journalism
Muckraking Journalism
Seditious Journalism
21
1
Which was NOT considered a worthy goal by the progressive movement?
Protecting social welfare
Promoting business monopolies
Creating economic reform
Fostering efficiency in the workplace
22
1
In the Jungle, what did Upton Sinclair expose?
Dangers faced by coal miners
Corrupt business practices of Standard Oil Company
Unsanitary conditions in the meat-packing industry
Illegal deas between special interests and the government
23
1
In "The Jungle," what did Upton Sinclair expose?
Dangers faced by coal miners
Corrupt business practices of the Standard Oil Company
Unsanitary conditions in the meat-packing industry
Illegal deals between special interests and the government
24
1
Which Supreme Court case decided that separate facilities were equal?
Brown v. Board of Education
Marbury v. Madison
Worchester v. Georgia
Plessy v. Ferguson
25
1
On what American policy did the Roosevelt Corollary build upon?
The Monroe Doctrine
The Open Door Policy
The Platt Amendment
The Hay Pauncefote Treaty of 1901
26
1
The Open Door Policy was designed as a way for the United States to further
Its trade interests with China
Its desires to annex foreign nations
International diplomacy
The establishment of democratic governments
27
1
Which of the following progressive reformers was a leader in the Settlment House Movement?
Jane Addams
Ida Tarbell
Upton Sinclair
Jacob Riis
28
1
Writers who motivated the public by exposing problems in society were called
progressives
populists
Muckrakers
Nativists
29
1
All of the following are reasons why immigrants wanted to come to America EXCEPT
Low paying jobs
Economic Opportunity
No forced military service
Freedom of Religion
30
1
Theodore Roosevelt's "Speak softly and carry a big stick" policy relied on the U.S. having a
Competitive economy
Strong navy
System of military alliances
Tax on imports
31
1
What was a goal of the Americanization movement?
It was aimed at immigrants living off farms that did not have access to education
It tried to teach immigrants job skills
The aim was to assimilate immigrants into American culture
It's aim was to help immigrants maintain their native culture
32
1
The problem with monopolies like Standard Oil is that they
Increase competition
Decrease competition
Decrease price
Increase job opportunities
33
1
Despite the fact that Industrialiation started later in the United States than other European countires, it was able to industrialize so quickly because
of it's abundant and available natural resources
of the availability of cheap labor
it offered a large market for products
all of the above
34
1
What explains the growth of cities from 1880 to 1920?
Sanitary conditions
Less crowded living conditions
More job opportunities
Better air quality
35
1
What action did President Roosevelt take in the United Mine Workers' Strike in 1902?
He dissolved the union
He sent the army to seize and operate the mines
He refused to interfere with labor and management relations
He forced the mine owners and mine workers to resolve the dispute
36
1
Which factor of American Imperialism pushed for an increase in foriegn markets, business investments, and natural resources?
Nationalism
Military
Economic
Humanitarian
37
1
Which of the following is an example of American imperialism?
Annexation of the Philippines
The Bill of Rights
Black Codes
The Gold Standard
38
1
Why did so many industrialists feel the United States had to expand trade with foreign markets?
To increase public relations
The United States factories and farmer swere producing more than Americans could consume
To promote the Progressive Movement
To expand Manifest Destiny
39
1
The term to describe a war in which countries or nations use all their resources to destroy another organized country
Total war
Nation in War
Absolute War
Nation in Arms
40
1
The impact of the Bull Moose Party on the election on 1912 was...?
Strengthening the Republican Party
Supported William Howard Taft
Resulted in the election of Woodrow Wilson
Resulted in the election of Teddy Roosevelt
41
1
Before the Spanish-American War, the press was accused of using yellow journalism in order to
Hide the fact that they did not know what was reallly happening between Spain and Cuba
Force President McKinley to resign
Mislead the public and stir Americans to war
Expose the ideas of Manifest Destiny

42
1
All of the following were land acquisitions resulting from the Spanish American war except
Cuba
Hawaii
Puerto Rico
Philippines
43
1
Presient T. Roosevelt's building and sending of the Great White Fleet on a world tour was an example of which of the following factors?
Religious
Humanitarian
Economic
Militaristic
44
1
The U.S. got involved in WWI for all the following except
Sinking of the Luisitania
Unrestricted submarine warfare
The Zimmerman Notes
The re-election of W. Wilson in 1916
45
1
Fears of spies and sabotage in the United States during the war led to...
Restrictions on immigration
Discrimination and violence towards Germans
Repression of free speech
All of the above
46
1
Which of the following was a major humanitarian factor in the United States' decision to enter WWI?
Britain's naval blockade of Germany
Wilson wanted to make the world safe for democracy
Stop the spread of communism
To gain natural resources for industrialization
47
1
Why wasn't the Treaty of Versailles ratified (approved) in the U.S.?
The US moved back to isolationism
The US wanted harsher terms for Germany
The US beleived the treaty violed the Fourteen Points
The US opposed all reparations for Allies
48
1
All of the following are ways the United States government encouraged American citizens to participate in World War I on the Home Front EXCEPT
It created orgnaization like the Food Administartion encouragin Americans to save food for the war effort
Created vast amounts of propaganda to encourage citizens to buy Liberty Bonds
Forced migration of African Americans into southern citites to fill job openings
Government created a vast bureaucratic system to regulate wartime production
49
1
How did the 1917 Espionage Act and 1918 Sedition Act unify people behind the war effort?
The outlawed obstruction of the war effort and curbed the rights of any who spoke against the war
They explained the necessities of war
The made promises to help all Americans who aided in the war effort
They formed leagues that encouraged people to speak out about their feelings on the war
50
1
Which of the following Amendments to the Constitution formally extended suffrage to women?
16th Amenedment
18th Amendement
19th Amendment
17th Amendment
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