Digestive System Quiz
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3.5 (2 ratings)
by Jasmon Smith
| 20 Questions
Note from the author:
Anatomy & Physiology
1
4
The pyloric sphincter is between the
Esophagus and Stomach
Pharynx and Esophagus
Small Intestine and Large Intestine
Stomach and duodenum
2
4
List the regions of the small intestine in correct order from first to last.
duodenum, ileum, jejunum
ileum, jejunum, duodenum
duodenum, jejunum, ileum
jejunum, duodenum, ileum
3
4
Bile is produced by the _________________, and stored in the __________________.
gallbladder, small intestine
gallbladder, gallbladder
liver, gallbladder
gallbladder, liver
4
4
The appendix is attached to the
colon
anal canal
cecum
ileum
5
4
Which of the following are components of the large intestine?
Sigmoid colon
Ascending colon
Stomach
Ileum
Jejunum
Cecum
6
4
Which sequence shows the pathway that food takes in the digestive system?
stomach, esophagus, large intestine, small intestine
esophagus, stomach, large intestine, small intestine
stomach, esophagus, small intestine, large intestine
esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine
7
4
Which of the following system breaks food into nutrients that can be used by the body?
circulatory
digestive
respiratory
reproductive
8
4
The digestion process begins in which of the following?
large intestine
mouth
small intestine
stomach
9
4
Which best describes the role of the esophagus in digestion?
It releases acid and mixes the food.
It aids in absorption of nutrients from food.
It carried food from the mouth to the stomach.
It carries food from the stomach to the intestines.
10
4
What does the stomach do for the body?
It chews food.
It breaks food down.
It swallows food.
None of the above
11
4

zoom_in

part A
part B
Part C
part D
12
4
What is the primary function of the large intestine?
to digest proteins
to absorb nutrients
to beak down complex carbohydrates
to remove water from undigested waste
13
4
The digestive system of most birds include a strucure called the gizzard. The gizzard crushes and grinds food, often with the help of smaller stones that the bird has swallowed.
Which of the following structures in the human digestive system has a function most similar to that of a bird's gizzard.
esophagus
large intestine
small intestine
teeth
14
4
Which organ of the digestive system absorbs the most nutrients from the food?
stomach
pancreas
small intestine
large intestine
15
4
Look at the diagram above and answer the question below.
1 and 2
2 and 3
3 and 4
1 and 4
16
4
Jorge is studying the digestive system. He found research indicating that more bacteria live in the large intestine that there are cells in the human body.

Based upon this research, which of these can Jorge logically conclude?
Bacteria are necessary for digestion to occur.
Bacteria are produced by the human body.
The large intestine is made of bacteria.
The large intestine is diseased.
17
4
Scientists are researching the effects of a drug used to treat acid reflux on digestion of food in the stomach. Pepsin is an enzyme found in the stomach that is active in digesting proteins.

If the drug being researched dramatically decreases the acidity in the stomach, which of the following is expected to occur?
Pepsin will be less active, causing a decrease in the digestion of proteins in the stomach.
Production of pepsin will increase, resulting in more proteins being digested in the stomach.
The higher pH will stimulate pepsin activity and decreased the amount
The lower pH will cause the denaturing of pepsin and result in digestion of fewer proteins in the stomach.
18
4
The structure of the digestive tube in the grasshopper and earthworm consists of many folds. The folds affect the efficiency of food absorption by which of the following functions?
increasing surface area
reducing transpiration
increasing hormone secretion
reducing storage of sugars
19
14
What is peristalsis? What is its role in human digestion?
20
14
What is the role that ingested food follows, from the time you swallow, until it reaches the anus? Please be sure to use the following terminology:
*jejunum, ileum, sigmoid colon, stomach, rectum, transverse colon, anus, cecum, duodenum, descending colon, esophagus, ascending colon*


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